Document Detail

Intrahepatic duct dilatation in type 4 choledochal malformation: pressure-related, postoperative resolution.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21292077     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: Type 4 choledochal malformations (CMs) may be defined as those with both intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile duct dilatation. The aims of this study were to investigate possible causes of intrahepatic duct (IHD) dilatation in CM and to define the effect of surgery over time.
METHODS: This study was a single-center retrospective review of a database of all children with CM undergoing surgery (excision of extrahepatic bile duct dilatation and hepaticojejunostomy) and identified as type 4 (on imaging and at surgery). Data included intraoperative choledochal pressure measurements and biliary amylase content and were expressed as median (interquartile range [IQR]). All comparisons used nonparametric statistical tests. P ≤.05 was regarded as significant.
RESULTS: Twenty children were identified as type 4 CM (age, 4.3 years; range, 2.7-10.4 years) with preoperative IHD dilatation (right duct: diameter [range], 8.5 [4.5-14] mm; left: 8 [4-14.5] mm). Median intraoperative choledochal pressure was 17 (8-27) mm Hg (normal, <5 mm Hg), and intraoperative bile amylase was 3647 (range, 500-58 000) IU/L (normal, <100 IU/L). Preoperative IHD diameter correlated with choledochal pressure (right: r(s)=0.46, P = .03; left: r(s)=0.34, P = .07) but not with biliary amylase (P = .28 and P = .39, respectively). At 1 year postsurgery, median (range) IHD diameter had decreased to 1 (1-2.5) mm for right duct (P = .0002) and 1.5 (1-3) mm for left duct (P = .0006) and remained stable for up to a 10-year follow-up.
CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that IHD dilatation is related to sustained increased intrabiliary pressure rather than any intrinsic intrahepatic CM. Effective surgery invariably reduces measured IHD toward normal values.
Richard Hill; Chris Parsons; Pat Farrant; Maria Sellars; Mark Davenport
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric surgery     Volume:  46     ISSN:  1531-5037     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr. Surg.     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0052631     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  299-303     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Paediatric Surgery, King's College Hospital, Denmark Hill, London, SE5 9RS, UK.
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