Document Detail

Intradiscal administration of osteogenic protein-1 increases intervertebral disc height and proteoglycan content in the nucleus pulposus in normal adolescent rabbits.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15626976     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
STUDY DESIGN: A study of the disc height and biochemical changes in the rabbit intervertebral disc after injection of osteogenic protein-1 into the nucleus pulposus. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the in vivo effects of osteogenic protein-1 administered intradiscally to the intervertebral disc of rabbits. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Growth factors, such as osteogenic protein-1 and transforming growth factor-beta, have the ability to stimulate synthesis of proteoglycan and collagen in vitro. No attempts have yet been made to determine the effects of these growth factors in an in vivo model. METHODS: Twenty-four New Zealand adolescent white rabbits were divided evenly into two subject groups. In one group, three consecutive intervertebral discs were injected with saline; whereas in the other group, they were injected with osteogenic protein-1 in saline. At 2, 4, and 8 weeks after the injection, the intervertebral disc heights of the injected specimens were measured by lateral plain radiographs and compared with preinjection measurements. The change in disc height was expressed as the percent disc height index compared with the preinjection value. After the radiographic measurements were obtained, the intervertebral discs were removed and analyzed for DNA, proteoglycan, and collagen contents. RESULTS: At 2 weeks after the injections, the mean disc height index of the osteogenic protein-1-injected discs was 15% greater than that of the saline group. The increase in disc height with osteogenic protein-1 injection was still statistically significant at the 4- and 8-week time points. The proteoglycan content of the nucleus pulposus in discs injected with osteogenic protein-1 was higher than that in the saline group at the 2-week time point. The osteogenic protein-1-induced effect on the proteoglycan content was also present at the 4- and 8- week time intervals; however, these increases were not statistically significant. There were no significant differences in the DNA content, normalized to noninjected control, of the nucleus pulposus between the saline and osteogenic protein-1 groups. However, a significant increase in the DNA content of the anulus fibrosus in the osteogenic protein-1 group, compared with that of the anulus fibrosus in the saline group, was observed after 4 weeks. CONCLUSION: To date, no study has demonstrated the potential in vivo effects of growth factors on the intervertebral disc. The present study reports that the intradiscal administration of osteogenic protein-1 in vivo results in an increased disc height present at 2, 4, and 8 weeks and an increase in PG content of the nucleus pulposus at the 2-week time point. Therefore, osteogenic protein-1 may act to stimulate metabolic activity in the nucleus pulposus. Continued research is needed to evaluate the potential of growth factor-induced reversal of age-related disc degeneration in an appropriate animal model. In addition, studies in a nonhuman primate animal model will be essential before considering intradiscal injection of growth factors in humans.
Howard S An; Kenji Takegami; Hiroshi Kamada; Cahn M Nguyen; Eugene J-M A Thonar; Kern Singh; Gunnar B Andersson; Koichi Masuda
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Spine     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1528-1159     ISO Abbreviation:  Spine     Publication Date:  2005 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-12-31     Completed Date:  2006-02-21     Revised Date:  2009-07-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7610646     Medline TA:  Spine (Phila Pa 1976)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  25-31; discussion 31-2     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Rush Medical College at Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Bone Morphogenetic Protein 7
Bone Morphogenetic Proteins / pharmacology*
Collagen / metabolism
DNA / analysis
Intervertebral Disk / drug effects*,  metabolism*,  radiography
Lumbar Vertebrae
Proteoglycans / metabolism*
Transforming Growth Factor beta / pharmacology*
Water / metabolism
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/BMP7 protein, human; 0/Bone Morphogenetic Protein 7; 0/Bone Morphogenetic Proteins; 0/Proteoglycans; 0/Transforming Growth Factor beta; 7732-18-5/Water; 9007-34-5/Collagen; 9007-49-2/DNA

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