Document Detail

Intracranial pressure parameters in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus patients treated with ventriculo-peritoneal shunts.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16284706     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Although the mean intracranial pressure (ICP) is normal in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH), there could possibly be alterations in their single ICP waves. METHOD: Thirty-nine consecutive patients treated for iNPH with ventriculo-peritoneal shunts were followed prospectively with regard to clinical and radiological findings. Changes in clinical state 12 months after shunt surgery were assessed as change on a 15-3 score NPH Grading Scale, while the changes in ventricular size were assessed by linear measures. The ICP recordings were performed as part of routine pre-operative assessment, stored as raw data files, and analyzed retrospectively. The mean ICP as well as single ICP wave amplitudes were computed and analysed in consecutive 6 second time windows. FINDINGS: Twelve months after shunt surgery, changes in NPH score of 5 or more (very significant improvement) were observed in 12 patients (31%), of 3 to 4 (significant improvement) in 6 patients (15%), of 1 to 2 (slight improvement) in 9 patients (23%) and of -4 to 0 (non-responders) in 12 patients (31%). The ventricular size did not change in any of the outcome categories. While the pre-operative mean ICP was similar between outcome groups, the mean ICP wave amplitude was significantly higher in patients improving clinically as compared to the non-responders. CONCLUSIONS: While pre-operative mean ICP was similar, the mean ICP wave amplitudes were significantly higher in iNPH patients improving clinically after shunt treatment as compared to the non-responders.
P K Eide
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2005-11-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta neurochirurgica     Volume:  148     ISSN:  0001-6268     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Neurochir (Wien)     Publication Date:  2006 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-12-21     Completed Date:  2006-08-01     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0151000     Medline TA:  Acta Neurochir (Wien)     Country:  Austria    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  21-9; discussion 29     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neurosurgery, The National Hospital, Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Follow-Up Studies
Hydrocephalus, Normal Pressure / physiopathology*,  surgery*
Intracranial Pressure / physiology*
Middle Aged
Monitoring, Physiologic / methods
Retrospective Studies
Sensitivity and Specificity
Treatment Outcome
Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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