Document Detail

Intracranial pressure changes during positioning of patients with severe head injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2745109     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To understand the effect of positioning of patients on intracranial pressure, studies were performed in 30 patients with head injuries severe enough to produce prolonged coma with Glasgow Coma Scale scores less than 8. Intracranial pressure was measured with the patient in four different positions: head at 0 degrees, head down 30 degrees, three fourths supine, and three fourths prone without turning the head. Intracranial pressure results were as follows: at 0 degrees, 20.50 +/- 1.75 (mean +/- SEM) mm Hg; head down 30 degrees, 24.15 +/- 1.75 mm Hg; three fourths supine, 28.83 +/- 2.69 mm Hg; and three fourths prone 30.85 +/- 2.90 mm Hg. Intracranial pressures were higher in the latter three positions as compared with the standard 0 degrees supine position, but some individual differences in response were noted. The data suggest that the head-down, three-fourths supine, and three-fourths prone positions have a greater chance of increasing the intracranial pressure in patients with severe head injury having prolonged comas. When patients are placed in the above three postures the duration should be as short as possible, and they should be used only when absolutely necessary.
S T Lee
Related Documents :
4080119 - Acute negative intracranial pressure effects on the auditory evoked response in rabbits.
9416299 - Hypertonic/hyperoncotic saline reliably reduces icp in severely head-injured patients w...
10096539 - Intracranial pressure during liver transplantation for fulminant hepatic failure.
8530549 - Hemodynamic simulation study of cerebral arteriovenous malformations. part 2. effects o...
12234639 - Comparison of intracranial pressure measured in the cerebral cortex and the cerebellum ...
826129 - The effect of intracranial hypertension on cerebrovascular resistance--an experimental ...
18086329 - Positive end-expiratory pressure in acute respiratory distress syndrome: should the 'op...
8340999 - Effects of propranolol and diltiazem on the rate of high-energy phosphate metabolism in...
8678649 - Delay of adenosine triphosphate depletion and hypoxanthine formation in rabbit lung aft...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Heart & lung : the journal of critical care     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0147-9563     ISO Abbreviation:  Heart Lung     Publication Date:  1989 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-08-23     Completed Date:  1989-08-23     Revised Date:  2006-08-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0330057     Medline TA:  Heart Lung     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  411-4     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM; S    
Department of Neurosurgery, Chang Gung Medical College, Taiwan, Republic of China.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Craniocerebral Trauma / physiopathology*
Intracranial Pressure*
Middle Aged

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Measurement of nocturnal sleep patterns in trauma patients.
Next Document:  Instrument reliability and validity: how much needs to be published?