Document Detail

Intracoronary electrocardiogram during coronary angioplasty.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1636577     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This prospective study examines the data derived from the intracoronary electrocardiogram (ECG) (derived from the coronary guide wire) compared with that from four standard surface leads (I, II, III, and V2) in documenting myocardial ischemia during coronary angioplasty. Intracoronary and surface ECGs were simultaneously recorded in 300 consecutive patients (mean age 59 +/- 10; range 33 to 80 years; 246 males [82%] during coronary angioplasty in 368 lesions (167 left anterior descending [46%], 85 left circumflex [23%], 107 right coronary arteries [29%], and nine bypass grafts [2%]), before balloon inflation, at 1 minute of inflation, and at the end of the procedure. ST segment changes (greater than 0.1 mV) were observed in the intracoronary ECG in 306 lesions (83%) (151 left anterior descending [88%], 75 left circumflex [89%], and 80 right coronary arteries [73%]) versus in 245 lesions (67%) in the surface ECG (126 left anterior descending [73%], 43 left circumflex [47%], and 76 right coronary arteries [70%]; [p less than 0.0001]). The mean ST segment shift was 0.5 +/- 0.4 mV in intracoronary and 0.1 +/- 0.2 mV in standard leads (p less than 0.0001). ST elevation was seen in 97% of cases with intracoronary ECG changes versus in 83% with surface ECG changes. The remainder had ST depression. A total of 48 lesions (13%) did not produce ECG changes and 62 (16%) had silent ischemia. In 75 lesions (21%), ECG changes were seen only in the intracoronary ECG, compared with 14 lesions (4%) with changes only in the surface ECG (p less than 0.001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
A K Pande; B Meier; P Urban; V Moles; P A Dorsaz; J Favre
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American heart journal     Volume:  124     ISSN:  0002-8703     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. Heart J.     Publication Date:  1992 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-08-24     Completed Date:  1992-08-24     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370465     Medline TA:  Am Heart J     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  337-41     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Cardiology Center, University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland.
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MeSH Terms
Angioplasty, Transluminal, Percutaneous Coronary*
Coronary Disease / diagnosis*,  therapy
Electrocardiography / methods*
Intraoperative Complications / diagnosis
Middle Aged
Monitoring, Intraoperative / methods*
Prospective Studies

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