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Intracoronary Transluminal Attenuation Gradient in Coronary CT Angiography for Determining Coronary Artery Stenosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22093264     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) assessment of calcified or complex coronary lesions is frequently challenging. Transluminal attenuation gradient (TAG), defined as the linear regression coefficient between luminal attenuation and axial distance, has a potential to evaluate the degree of coronary stenosis. We examined the value of TAG in determining the stenosis severity on 64-slice coronary CTA. The value of TAG of 370 major coronary arteries was measured from 7,263 intervals of 5-mm length. Compared with coronary CTA and invasive coronary angiography, TAG decreased consistently and significantly with maximum stenosis severity on a per-vessel basis, from -1.91 ± 4.25 Hounsfield units/10 mm for diameter stenosis of 0% to 49% to -13.37 ± 9.81 Hounsfield units/10 mm for diameter stenosis of 100% (p < 0.0001). Adding TAG to the interpretation of coronary CTA improved diagnostic accuracy (p = 0.001), especially in vessels with calcified lesions (N = 127; net reclassification improvement 0.095; p = 0.046). TAG appears to be able to contribute to improved classification of coronary artery stenosis severity in coronary CTA, especially in severely calcified lesions.
Authors:
Jin-Ho Choi; James K Min; Troy M Labounty; Fay Y Lin; Dorinna D Mendoza; Dae Hee Shin; Nikki S Ariaratnam; Sunaina Koduru; Juan F Granada; Thomas C Gerber; Jae K Oh; Hyeon-Cheol Gwon; Yeon Hyeon Choe
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  JACC. Cardiovascular imaging     Volume:  4     ISSN:  1876-7591     ISO Abbreviation:  JACC Cardiovasc Imaging     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101467978     Medline TA:  JACC Cardiovasc Imaging     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1149-57     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, Cardiovascular Imaging Center, Cardiac and Vascular Center, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea; Department of Emergency Medicine, Cardiovascular Imaging Center, Cardiac and Vascular Center, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea; Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York.
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