Document Detail


Intracerebroventricular administration of vasoactive intestinal peptide inhibits food intake.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21802451     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) is a 28 amino acid peptide expressed throughout the peripheral and central nervous systems. VIP and the VIP receptor VPAC(2)R are expressed in hypothalamic nuclei involved in the regulation of energy homeostasis. VIP has been shown to be involved in the regulation of energy balance in a number of non-mammalian vertebrates. We therefore examined the effects of intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration of VIP on food intake, energy expenditure and activity in adult male Wistar rats. VIP administration caused a potent short lived decrease in food intake and an increase in activity and energy expenditure. The pathways potentially involved in the anorexigenic effects of VIP were investigated by measuring the release of neuropeptides involved in the regulation of food intake from hypothalamic explants treated with VIP. VIP significantly stimulated the release of the anorexigenic peptide alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (αMSH). These studies suggest that VIP may have an endogenous role in the hypothalamic control of energy homeostasis.
Authors:
Samar Ghourab; Kylie E Beale; Nina M Semjonous; Katherine A Simpson; Niamh M Martin; Mohammad A Ghatei; Stephen R Bloom; Kirsty L Smith
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-7-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Regulatory peptides     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-1686     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-8-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8100479     Medline TA:  Regul Pept     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Involvement of nitric oxide-cGMP pathway in the antidepressant-like effect of ascorbic acid in the t...
Next Document:  Quantitative analyses of mycobacteria in water: Adapting methods in clinical laboratories.