Document Detail

Intracerebroventricular administration of GM1 ganglioside to presenile Alzheimer patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8997549     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We have conducted a preliminary study of the optimum conditions for a therapeutic effect of ganglioside GM1 in Alzheimer's disease. Five patients with the early onset form of Alzheimer's disease (AD type I) received the ganglioside by intracerebroventricular administration for 12 months. Bilateral stereotactic punction of the frontal horns of the ventricular system was performed, and shunt catheters were implanted and connected to a programmable pump. The optimum GM1 dose varied between 20 and 30 mg/24 h. Neurological neuropsychological, psychiatric and neurochemical examinations were performed 7 days before surgery and on days 30, 90, 180 and 360. No patient found the surgery difficult and no patient or relative regretted that they participated in the study. The patients became more active and safer in relation to others and to performance of various activities from day 90. The cerebrospinal fluid level of the monoamine metabolites homovanillic acid and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid and the neuropeptide somatostatin increased.
L E Augustinsson; K Blennow; C Blomstrand; G Bråne; R Ekman; P Fredman; I Karlsson; M Kihlgren; W Lehmann; A Lekman; J E Månsson; I Ramström; A Wallin; C Wikkelsö; C G Gottfries; L Svennerholm
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Dementia and geriatric cognitive disorders     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1420-8008     ISO Abbreviation:  Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord     Publication Date:    1997 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-04-09     Completed Date:  1997-04-09     Revised Date:  2008-03-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9705200     Medline TA:  Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord     Country:  SWITZERLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  26-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Göteborg University, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Alzheimer Disease / drug therapy*,  physiopathology,  psychology
Cerebrovascular Circulation / physiology
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
G(M1) Ganglioside / adverse effects,  therapeutic use*
Injections, Intraventricular
Middle Aged
Neuropsychological Tests
Reg. No./Substance:
37758-47-7/G(M1) Ganglioside

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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