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Intracellular Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (Cu/Zn-SOD) from hard clam Meretrix meretrix: its cDNA cloning, mRNA expression and enzyme activity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23053968     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Hard clam (Meretrix meretrix) is an economically important bivalve in China. In the present study, a gene coding for an intracellular Cu/Zn-SOD was cloned and characterized from hard clam. The full-length cDNA of this Cu/Zn-SOD (designated as Mm-icCuZn-SOD) consisted of 1,383 bp, with a 462-bp of open reading frame (ORF) encoding 153 amino acids. Several highly conserved motifs, including the Cu/Zn binding sites [H(46), H(48), H(63), and H(119) for Cu binding; H(63), H(71), H(80), and D(83) for Zn binding], an intracellular disulfide bond and two Cu/Zn-SOD signatures were identified in Mm-icCu/Zn-SOD. The deduced amino acid sequence of Mm-icCu/Zn-SOD has a high degree of homology with the Cu/Zn-dependent SODs from other species, indicating that Mm-icCu/Zn-SOD should be a member of the intracellular Cu/Zn-dependent SOD family. Real-time PCR analysis showed that the highest level of Mm-icCu/Zn-SOD expression was in the hepatopancreas, while the lowest level occurred in the hemocytes. Hard clam challenged with Vibrio anguillarum showed a time-dependent increase in Mm-icCu/Zn-SOD expression that reached a maximum level after 6 h. Mm-icCu/Zn-SOD purified as a recombinant protein expressed in E. coli retained a high level of biological activity, 83 % after 10 min incubation at 10-50 °C, and more than 87 % after incubation in buffers with pH values between 2.2 and 10.2. These results indicated that Mm-icCu/Zn-SOD may play an important role in the innate immune system of hard clam.
Authors:
Xianggang Gao; Chongbo He; Hong Liu; Hongjun Li; Dan Zhu; Shengli Cai; Ying Xia; Ying Wang; Zhe Yu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular biology reports     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-4978     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol. Biol. Rep.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0403234     Medline TA:  Mol Biol Rep     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Key Laboratory of Aquatic Genetic Resources and Aqua-cultural Ecosystem Certified by the Ministry of Agriculture, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai, 201306, China.
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