Document Detail

Intracardiac echocardiography improves procedural efficiency during cryoballoon ablation for atrial fibrillation: a pilot study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20487119     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
BACKGROUND: Cryoballoon ablation is increasingly used for pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). This new technique aims to perform PVI safer and faster. However, procedure and fluoroscopy times were similar to conventional RF approaches. We compared ICE plus fluoroscopy versus fluoroscopy alone for anatomical guidance of PVI.
METHODS: Forty-three consecutive patients with paroxysmal AF were randomly assigned to ICE plus fluoroscopy (n = 22) versus fluoroscopy alone (n = 21) for guidance of cryoballoon PVI. A "single big balloon" procedure using a 28 mm cryoballoon was performed. The optimal ICE-guided position of the cryoballoon was assessed by full ostial occlusion and loss of Doppler coded reflow to the left atrium (LA). Any further freezes were ICE-guided only without use of fluoroscopy or contrast media injection.
RESULTS: A total of 171 pulmonary veins could be visualized with ICE. 80% of ICE-guided freezes were performed with excellent ICE quality. Acute procedural success and AF recurrence rate at 6 months were similar in both groups (AF recurrence: ICE-guided = 27% vs Fluoroscopy = 33%; P = ns). Patients without ICE guidance had significantly longer procedure (143 ± 27 minutes vs 130 ± 19 minutes; P = 0.05) and fluoroscopy times (42 ± 13 minutes vs 26 ± 10, P = 0.01). The total amount of contrast used during the procedure was significantly lower in patients with ICE guidance (88 ± 31 mL vs 169 ± 38 mL, P < 0.001).
CONCLUSION: Additional ICE guidance appears to be associated with lower fluoroscopy, contrast, and procedure times, with similar efficacy rates. Specifically, ICE allows for better identification of the PV LA junction and more precise anatomically guided cryoballoon ablations.
Martin Schmidt; Marcos Daccarett; Harald Marschang; Guido Ritscher; Oliver Turschner; Johannes Brachmann; Harald Rittger
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiovascular electrophysiology     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1540-8167     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol.     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9010756     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1202-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Division of Cardiology, Klinikum Coburg, Coburg, Germany.
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