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Intracapsular decompression or radical resection followed by Gamma Knife surgery for patients harboring a large vestibular schwannoma.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23205792     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Object Microsurgery is the primary treatment used for patients harboring a large vestibular schwannoma (VS). However, its outcome may lead to hearing impairment and facial nerve dysfunction particularly when resection is extended outside the tumor capsule. When surgery for a large VS consists of intracapsular resection and decompression, better preservation of facial and hearing function are obtained. In this study, the authors compared outcomes of intracapsular decompression followed by Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) with outcomes of standard microsurgery followed by radiosurgery. Methods Between August 2003 and October 2008, 35 patients harboring large VSs (> 3 cm in diameter) were enrolled in this study. Eighteen patients underwent intracapsular decompression followed by GKS (Group I), and 17 patients underwent radical extracapsular resection followed by GKS (Group II). In all cases GKS was performed with a margin dose of 12 Gy. All patients were followed up for at least 3 years. All patients also underwent periodic audiography, electroneuronography (ENoG), MR imaging, and testing with the SF-36 form. The Student t-test and repeated ANOVA were used for statistical analysis. Results The mean ages of the patients (± SEM) in Groups I and II were 50 ± 3.0 and 49 ± 2.3 years, respectively. The female/male ratios were 8:10 in Group I and 7:10 in Group II. All patients had excellent facial function as measured according to the House-Brackmann Facial Grading System (Grade I or II) preoperatively. After the operation, 16 patients (89%) in Group I retained excellent facial function, whereas only 6 patients (35%) in Group II had excellent facial function (p < 0.01). In Group I, 11 patients had serviceable hearing, and all 11 (100%) retained hearing function after the operation. In Group II, 11 patients had serviceable hearing, but none retained hearing function postoperatively (p < 0.001). In Group I, the mean tumor volume (± SEM) was 17.5 ± 1.1 cm(3), and the postoperative volume was 9.35 ± 1.02 cm(3). In Group II, the mean tumor volume was 16.4 ± 0.95 cm(3), whereas the postoperative volume was 1.1 ± 0.14 cm(3) (p < 0.001). After GKS, the tumor volume was reduced to 5.12 ± 1.1 cm(3) and 0.9 ± 0.1 cm(3) in Groups I and II, respectively. No patients experienced adverse effects after GKS. The mean return-to-work times were 2.4 ± 0.16 and 33.4 ± 4.3 weeks in Groups I and II, respectively (p < 0.001). According to the results obtained using the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), patients in Group I enjoyed more significant improvements in quality of life than patients in Group II (p < 0.001). Conclusions Intracapsular decompression followed by GKS afforded a better neurological outcome and quality of life than radical extracapsular resection followed by GKS. Further application of this approach in patients harboring large VSs seems warranted.
Authors:
Hung-Chuan Pan; Jason Sheehan; Meei-Ling Sheu; Wen-Ta Chiu; Dar-Yu Yang
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurosurgery     Volume:  117 Suppl     ISSN:  1933-0693     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurosurg.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0253357     Medline TA:  J Neurosurg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  69-77     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Neurosurgery, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan;
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