Document Detail


Intracameral injection of allogeneic lymphocytes enhances corneal graft survival.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2210990     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Failure of corneal grafts is thought to involve the development and activation of specifically sensitized T-cells. One method which might be used to circumvent the development of such cells is the phenomenon of anterior chamber-associated immune deviation (ACAID). Injection of antigen into the anterior chamber of the eye leads to an immune response characterized by normal antibody response coupled with depressed T-cell reactivity especially as measured by delayed-type hypersensitivity. To determine if this phenomenon could be used to alter the course of graft failure, potential recipients (Lewis rats) were injected intracamerally (IC) with allogeneic lymphoid cells (Wistar-Furth). Orthotopic, full-thickness, penetrating keratoplasty was done 0-30 days later, and the recipients were observed for at least 60 days. Approximately 75% of Wistar-Furth corneal grafts placed on uninjected Lewis rats failed as evidenced by continued opacity, edema, and infiltration of mononuclear cells into the grafts. The IC injection of Wistar-Furth lymphocytes decreased this failure rate to 25% and 50% when grafting was done 14 and 7 days after injection, respectively. Grafts of cornea from a third strain onto IC injected animals failed at an intermediate rate which demonstrated some immunologic protection. The results of these studies indicate that IC injection of allogeneic lymphocytes results in prolonged acceptance of corneal grafts syngeneic with the injected lymphocytes.
Authors:
S C She; L P Steahly; E J Moticka
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Investigative ophthalmology & visual science     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0146-0404     ISO Abbreviation:  Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.     Publication Date:  1990 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-11-13     Completed Date:  1990-11-13     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703701     Medline TA:  Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1950-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University, School of Medicine, Springfield 62794-9230.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Anterior Chamber / immunology*
Antigens / immunology*
Corneal Transplantation*
Eye
Female
Graft Survival*
Injections
Lymphocyte Transfusion*
Lymphocytes / immunology,  physiology
Rats
Rats, Inbred Strains
Time Factors
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
EY-07199/EY/NEI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antigens

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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