Document Detail

Intra-operative natural sound decreases salivary amylase activity of patients undergoing inguinal hernia repair under epidural anesthesia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18477078     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The perioperative period is psychologically as well as physically stressful for patients. Although music and sound are known to reduce patients' psychological stress, a few previous studies showed an objective outcome of music. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relaxing effect of music during epidural anesthesia, using patients' salivary amylase activity. METHODS: Thirty-two American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) I or II patients presenting for inguinal hernia repair under epidural anesthesia were randomly assigned to listen to sounds of a soft wind and a twitter (S group) or to have no sounds (N group). Patients' salivary amylase activity was evaluated on arrival to the operating room and at wound closure. RESULTS: Intra-operative music significantly decreased salivary amylase activity at wound closure in the S group and the activity at wound closure of the S group was significantly smaller than that of the N group. CONCLUSION: Intra-operative natural sound significantly decreased salivary amylase activity of patients undergoing inguinal hernia repair under epidural anesthesia.
Y-C P Arai; S Sakakibara; A Ito; K Ohshima; T Sakakibara; T Nishi; S Hibino; S Niwa; K Kuniyoshi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial     Date:  2008-05-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica     Volume:  52     ISSN:  1399-6576     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Anaesthesiol Scand     Publication Date:  2008 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-08-15     Completed Date:  2008-11-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370270     Medline TA:  Acta Anaesthesiol Scand     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  987-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Multidisciplinary Pain Centre, Aichi Medical University, School of Medicine, Aichi, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Acoustic Stimulation / methods,  psychology*
Adaptation, Psychological / physiology
Amylases / metabolism*
Anesthesia, Epidural / methods*
Anesthetics, Local / administration & dosage
Anti-Anxiety Agents / administration & dosage
Blood Pressure
Diazepam / administration & dosage
Heart Rate
Hernia, Inguinal / psychology,  surgery*
Intraoperative Care / methods,  psychology*
Lidocaine / administration & dosage
Middle Aged
Monitoring, Intraoperative / methods
Saliva / metabolism*
Stress, Psychological / etiology,  psychology,  therapy
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anesthetics, Local; 0/Anti-Anxiety Agents; 137-58-6/Lidocaine; 439-14-5/Diazepam; EC 3.2.1.-/Amylases

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