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Intra-aortic balloon pump: indications, efficacy, guidelines and future directions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24848410     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) has been used as a cardiac assist device in various clinical situations since 1968 on the basis of the physiological principles and observational data, with little randomized data until recently.
RECENT FINDINGS: Recently published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and meta-analyses have demonstrated acceptable safety for IABP but have raised doubt over efficacy in acute myocardial infarction (MI) both with and without cardiogenic shock. RCTs and meta-analyses have provided limited and qualified support for the efficacy of IABP in high-risk percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). There remains only observational data to support the efficacy of IABP in other niche indications, including mechanical complications of MI (acute severe mitral regurgitation and ventricular septal rupture) and refractory ventricular arrhythmia.
SUMMARY: Current randomized trial data and meta-analyses support the safety of IABP, but provide limited or no support for its efficacy in the treatment of high-risk MI, MI complicated by cardiogenic shock or the use of prophylactic IABP in high-risk PCI and CABG. Further studies to inform optimal patient selection, timing and use of associated therapies are required to characterize the role of IABP in contemporary practice and optimize outcome in high-risk patient subsets.
Abdul R Ihdayhid; Sandeep Chopra; Jamie Rankin
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-5-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current opinion in cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1531-7080     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr. Opin. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2014 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-5-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8608087     Medline TA:  Curr Opin Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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