Document Detail


Intra-Aneurysmal Pressure and Flow Changes Induced by Flow Diverters: Relation to Aneurysm Size and Shape.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23019173     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Effects of blood flow modification by flow diverters are observed to lead often to aneurysm thrombosis and reverse remodeling. For this process, to further understand the potential roles of intra-aneurysmal blood pressure changes and aneurysm morphologies, 23 patients were studied by numeric simulation.MATERIALS AND METHODS:3D imaging of aneurysms of different sizes and shapes, all located at the supraclinoid segment of the ICA (n = 23), was prepared for CFD simulations. Hemodynamic variables were calculated for conditions before and after virtual FD implantation, reconstituting a vessel wall scaffold across the aneurysm neck. WSS, velocity, residence time, turnover time, and intra-aneurysmal pressure were assessed statistically.RESULTS:After placement of FDs, significant reductions inside the aneurysm were observed for most hemodynamic variables (P < .01) except mean intra-aneurysmal pressures. For minimum/maximum intra-aneurysmal pressure values, small but significant changes were found; however, they were considered too small to be of relevance.CONCLUSIONS:Calculations in 23 cases did not reveal significant intra-aneurysmal mean or peak pressure changes, indicating a minor role of pressure changes in the rare event of secondary ruptures after FD use. Other hemodynamic variables (WSS and velocity) exhibited more significant changes, indicating their role in intra-aneurysmal thrombus formation. Size-dependent, significantly higher reduction in WSS (P = .069) and velocity (P = .013) was observed in small aneurysms compared with larger ones. When it came to shape, there were significantly higher reductions in WSS (P = .055) and velocity (P = .065) and a significantly higher increase in turnover time in fusiform aneurysms compared with saccular aneurysms.
Authors:
I Larrabide; M L Aguilar; H G Morales; A J Geers; Z Kulcsár; D Rüfenacht; A F Frangi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1936-959X     ISO Abbreviation:  AJNR Am J Neuroradiol     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003708     Medline TA:  AJNR Am J Neuroradiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Networking Biomedical Research Center on Bioengineering, Biomaterials and Nanomedicine, Barcelona, Spain; Center for Computational Imaging & Simulation Technologies in Biomedicine, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain; and Hirslanden Clinic, Zürich, Switzerland.
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