Document Detail

Intoxications from the seas: ciguatera, scombroid, and paralytic shellfish poisoning.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3332889     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Sporadic cases and outbreaks of intoxications borne by fish and shellfish have increased in frequency during recent years. Ciguatera, scombroid, and paralytic shellfish poisoning account for nearly 16 per cent of all reported foodborne outbreaks of disease in the United States. Fishborne ciguatera and paralytic shellfish poisoning are characterized by gastrointestinal and neuromuscular manifestations attributable to toxins of dinoflagellates. These toxins impair sodium transport in cell membranes. Treatment is primarily supportive. Scombroid fish intoxication resembles histamine poisoning and may be treated effectively with antihistamines or cimetidine. Prevention of these intoxications at present depends upon avoidance of potential vectors.
W E Sanders
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Infectious disease clinics of North America     Volume:  1     ISSN:  0891-5520     ISO Abbreviation:  Infect. Dis. Clin. North Am.     Publication Date:  1987 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-01-19     Completed Date:  1989-01-19     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804508     Medline TA:  Infect Dis Clin North Am     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  665-76     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medical Microbiology, Creighton University School of Medicine, Omaha, Nebraska.
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MeSH Terms
Ciguatera Poisoning
Food Preservation
Foodborne Diseases*
Marine Toxins / poisoning*
Paralysis / etiology
Shellfish / adverse effects*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Marine Toxins; 82027-58-5/scombrotoxin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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