Document Detail

Intoxication strategy of Helicobacter pylori VacA toxin.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22364673     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
VacA toxin from the cancer-inducing bacterium Helicobacter pylori is currently classified as a pore-forming toxin but is also considered a multifunctional toxin, apparently causing many pleiotropic cell effects. However, an increasing body of evidence suggests that VacA could be the prototype of a new class of monofunctional A-B toxins in which the A subunit exhibits pore-forming instead of enzymatic activity. Thus, VacA may use a peculiar mechanism of action, allowing it to intoxicate the human stomach. By combining the action of a cell-binding domain, a specific intracellular trafficking pathway and a novel mitochondrion-targeting sequence, the VacA pore-forming domain is selectively delivered to the inner mitochondrial membrane to efficiently kill target epithelial cells by apoptosis.
Patrice Boquet; Vittorio Ricci
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Trends in microbiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1878-4380     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9310916     Medline TA:  Trends Microbiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Clinical Bacteriology, Nice University Hospital, 151 Route de Saint Antoine de Ginestière, 06202 Nice Cedex 03, France.
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