Document Detail

Intimate partner violence moderates the association between mother-infant adrenocortical activity across an emotional challenge.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19803598     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study examined the relationship between mother and infant adrenocortical levels and reactivity to an emotion eliciting task. The impact of intimate partner violence (IPV) on these relationships was assessed as a moderator. The sample (n = 702 mother-infant dyads) was racially diverse and from predominantly low-income, rural communities. During a home visit, the dyad's saliva was sampled before, 20 min, and 40 min after standardized tasks designed to elicit the infant's emotional arousal and later assayed for cortisol. Mothers completed self-report measures of their partner's violence, and parenting behaviors were assessed via structured interview and mother-child interactions. In response to the task, infants had positive, and mothers had negative, cortisol slopes. Contrary to expectations, there were no IPV-related differences in mean pretask cortisol levels or reactivity in the mothers or infants. Mother-infant dyads from households characterized by either (1) violence or (2) restrictive and punitive parenting behaviors exhibited correlated cortisol reactivity measured in response to the infant challenge task. The findings suggest that social contextual features of the early caregiving environment may influence individual differences in the coordination between maternal and infant adrenocortical reactivity.
Leah C Hibel; Douglas A Granger; Clancy Blair; Martha J Cox;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of family psychology : JFP : journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association (Division 43)     Volume:  23     ISSN:  1939-1293     ISO Abbreviation:  J Fam Psychol     Publication Date:  2009 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-10-06     Completed Date:  2010-01-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8802265     Medline TA:  J Fam Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  615-25     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Child Development and Family Studies, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Adrenal Cortex / physiopathology*
Arousal / physiology*
Emotions / physiology*
Hydrocortisone / blood
Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System / physiopathology
Interview, Psychological
Maternal Behavior / physiology*,  psychology
Mother-Child Relations*
Object Attachment*
Pituitary-Adrenal System / physiopathology
Poverty / psychology
Rural Population
Spouse Abuse / psychology*
Statistics as Topic
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
Lynne Vernon-Feagans / ; Martha Cox / ; Clancy Blair / ; Peg Burchinal / ; Linda Burton / ; Keith Crnic / ; Ann Crouter / ; Patricia Garrett-Peters / ; Mark Greenberg / ; Stephanie Lanza / ; Roger Mills-Koonce / ; Debra Skinner / ; Cynthia Stifter / ; Emily Werner / ; Michael Willoughby /

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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