Document Detail

Intestinal ischemia associated with cardio-pulmonary-bypass surgery: a life threatening complication.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1864884     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Intestinal ischemia following open heart surgery is rare but nevertheless extremely dangerous and the causes are still unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the factors influencing the occurrence and outcome of patients with this complication. At our institution between 1985 and 1989 1712 patients underwent open heart surgery and 4 female patients suffered from intestinal ischemia. The early mortality was 2.5% for the whole group and 100% for the group with intestinal ischemia. All these 4 patients were elderly and had a history of hypertension and hyperlipoproteinemia. Three of the four patients with intestinal ischemia had various risk factors for thromboembolic events such as pre-existing occlusive arterial disease and cardiac dysrhythmias or had a complicated postoperative course. In two patients an enormous increase in serum lactate to over 10 mmol/l occurred prior to the intestinal ischemia. We therefore consider advancing age, female gender and a susceptibility for thromboembolic events as important risk factors for the development of intestinal ischemia. A serum lactate over 10 mmol/l should lead to an aggressive diagnostic and therapeutic approach including exploratory laparotomy.
J M Albes; R Schistek; R Baier; F Unger
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0021-9509     ISO Abbreviation:  J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino)     Publication Date:    1991 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-09-11     Completed Date:  1991-09-11     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0066127     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino)     Country:  ITALY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  527-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cardiac Surgery, St. Johns Hospital, Salzburg, Austria.
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MeSH Terms
Cardiopulmonary Bypass / adverse effects*,  mortality,  statistics & numerical data
Intestines / blood supply*,  pathology,  surgery
Ischemia / etiology*,  mortality,  pathology,  surgery
Postoperative Complications / etiology*,  mortality,  pathology,  surgery

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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