Document Detail


Interventions for treating chronic ankle instability.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17054198     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Chronic lateral ankle instability occurs in 10% to 20% of people after an acute ankle sprain. The initial form of treatment is conservative but if this fails and ligament laxity is present, surgical intervention is considered.
OBJECTIVES: To compare different treatments, both conservative and surgical, for chronic lateral ankle instability.
SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialized Register (to July 2005), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (The Cochrane Library 2005, Issue 3), and MEDLINE (1966 to April 2006), EMBASE (1980 to April 2006), CINAHL (1982 to April 2006) and reference lists of articles.
SELECTION CRITERIA: All randomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials of interventions for chronic lateral ankle instability were included.
DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently assessed methodological quality and extracted data. Where appropriate, results of comparable studies were pooled.
MAIN RESULTS: Seven randomised trials were included and divided into three groups: surgical interventions; rehabilitation programs after surgical interventions; and conservative interventions. None of the studies were methodologically flawless. Only one study described an adequate randomisation procedure. Only two studies, both about rehabilitation programs after surgery, had a moderate risk of bias; all other studies had a high risk of bias. Due to clinical and methodological diversity, extensive pooling of the data was not possible. Surgical interventions (four studies): one study showed more complications after the Chrisman-Snook procedure compared to an anatomical reconstruction, whereas another study showed greater mean talar tilt after an anatomical reconstruction. Subjective instability and hindfoot inversion was greater after a dynamic than after a static tenodesis in a third study. The fourth study showed that the operating time for anatomical reconstructions was shorter for the reinsertion technique than for the imbrication method. Rehabilitation after surgical interventions (two studies): both studies provided evidence that early functional mobilization leads to an earlier return to work and sports than immobilisation. Conservative interventions: the only study in this group showed better proprioception and functional outcome with the bi-directional than with the uni-directional pedal technique on a cyclo-ergometer.
AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: In view of the low quality methodology of almost all the studies, this review does not provide sufficient evidence to support any specific surgical or conservative intervention for chronic ankle instability. However, after surgical reconstruction, early functional rehabilitation was shown to be superior to six weeks immobilisation regarding time to return to work and sports.
Authors:
J S de Vries; R Krips; I N Sierevelt; L Blankevoort
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review     Date:  2006-10-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Cochrane database of systematic reviews     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1469-493X     ISO Abbreviation:  Cochrane Database Syst Rev     Publication Date:  2006  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-20     Completed Date:  2007-01-19     Revised Date:  2013-06-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100909747     Medline TA:  Cochrane Database Syst Rev     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  CD004124     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Orthotrauma Research Center Amsterdam (ORCA) Academic Medical Center, Orthopaedic Surgery, Meibergdreef 9, PO Box 22660, Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands. j.s.devries@amc.uva.nl
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Ankle Joint* / surgery
Chronic Disease
Humans
Joint Instability / etiology,  surgery,  therapy*
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Sprains and Strains / complications
Comments/Corrections
Update In:
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011;(8):CD004124   [PMID:  21833947 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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