Document Detail


Intervention with education and exercise reverses the metabolic syndrome in adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20471000     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
About 29% of the adult population of Talca, Chile, suffers from the metabolic syndrome (MS), a value higher than the national prevalence. Evidence indicates that exercise and nutritional changes reduce the predominance of this syndrome. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of a structured interventional program of physical activity and nutritional counseling in adults with MS. Fifty-one subjects were studied: 27 were included in the interventional program (I-MS). The control group was formed by 24 individuals who did not participate in the program (NI-MS). We assessed body weight, corporal composition, arterial pressure, glycemia, and lipid profile at baseline and after 18 weeks of treatment. After this period, the I-SM group showed a significant decrease in triglycerides (geometric mean 202.2 to 110.5 mg/dL, P < .001), diastolic blood pressure (mean 85.4 to 79.6 mm Hg, P = .001), waist circumference (mean men 101.5 to 94.1 cm, P < .001; mean women 107.2 to 96.2 cm, P < .001), weight (mean 81.1 to 77.2 kg, P < .001), and body mass index (mean 31.8 to 30.2 kg/m(2), P < .001). In the NI-MS group, the individual parameters did not change significantly. Our results show that a non-pharmacological treatment based on exercise exerts an important beneficial effect in patients with MS, mainly on the waist circumference, blood pressure, and triglycerides.
Authors:
Verónica Mujica; Alberto Urzúa; Elba Leiva; Nora Díaz; Rodrigo Moore-Carrasco; Marcela Vásquez; Edgardo Rojas; Gloria Icaza; Carla Toro; Roxana Orrego; Iván Palomo
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Society of Hypertension : JASH     Volume:  4     ISSN:  1933-1711     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Soc Hypertens     Publication Date:    2010 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-17     Completed Date:  2010-07-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101312518     Medline TA:  J Am Soc Hypertens     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  148-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright (c) 2010 American Society of Hypertension. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Escuela de Medicina, Universidad de Talca, Talca, Chile. vmujica@utalca.cl
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Blood Glucose / metabolism
Body Weight
Chile / epidemiology
Exercise Therapy / methods*
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Lipids / blood
Male
Metabolic Syndrome X / blood,  epidemiology,  rehabilitation*
Middle Aged
Patient Education as Topic / methods*
Prevalence
Sex Distribution
Treatment Outcome
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 0/Lipids

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  The association of the Friesinger score and pulse pressure in an urban South Asian patient populatio...
Next Document:  [Revision of surgical treatment of rhinosinusitis].