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Interrupted aortic arch: brief review and summary of an eighteen-year experience.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15227058     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Interrupted aortic arch (IAA) is an uncommon congenital anomaly representing approximately 1% of congenital heart disease. More than 97% of the cases also have associated cardiac anomalies complicating their treatment. Because the median age at death in untreated cases is 10 days, this condition usually occurs as a complicated neonatal surgical emergency. There are three types of IAA: Type A is interrupted distal to the left subclavian artery. Type B, which is the most common form, is interrupted between the left common carotid and the left subclavian arteries. Type C, which is the most uncommon type, is interrupted between the innominate and left common carotid arteries. Since the first patient with this congenital anomaly was treated at our institution in 1965, 39 patients have undergone surgical treatment. Two of these (4.6%) had no associated intracardiac lesions, and both survived bypass grafting without complications. There were 12 Type A (30%), 26 Type B (67%) and one Type C (3%). A variety of individualized techniques were used to repair the defects. The three basic techniques were (1) direct aortic to aortic anastomosis bridging the gap, (2) "turndown" or "turnup" of one of the arch vessels to the aorta across the gap, or (3) bypass of the interruption with graft material. Because aortic arch and associated cardiac anomalies represent a neonatal surgical emergency, our therapeutic plan consists of treatment for biventricular failure and PGE(1) infusion to maintain ductal patency, and surgical correction as soon as feasible.
Authors:
M J Reardon; G L Hallman; D A Cooley
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Texas Heart Institute journal / from the Texas Heart Institute of St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Texas Children's Hospital     Volume:  11     ISSN:  0730-2347     ISO Abbreviation:  Tex Heart Inst J     Publication Date:  1984 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-06-30     Completed Date:  2005-02-02     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8214622     Medline TA:  Tex Heart Inst J     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  250-9     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Division of Surgery, Texas Heart Institute of St. Luke's Episcopal and Texas Children's Hospitals, Houston, Texas 77225, USA.
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