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Interrelationships between nutritional status, socioeconomic factors, and lifestyle in Indian cataract patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20472398     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: The etiology of cataracts in the Asian subcontinent is not well understood. The aim of this study was to understand the differences in nutritional and lifestyle-related etiology of cataract in a high-income group (HIG) and a low-income group (LIG).
RESEARCH METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 140 cataract patients, aged 50-70 y, and 100 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Socioeconomic information and habitual dietary intake were recorded by interview method. Cataract grading was given by ophthalmologists using a slit-lamp biomicroscope.
RESULTS: In HIG patients, there was a delay of 10 y in the onset of cataracts as compared to LIG patients. Sixty-seven percent of LIG patients were alcoholic and 80% had a family history of cataracts. Further, among LIG male patients, 45%-87% were uneducated and 80% were addicted to tobacco. The intake of animal foods and fried foods was significantly higher in all the patient groups than controls (P<0.001). The intake of vegetables, fruits, salads, and tea were higher in all the controls than patients (P<0.001). For HIG male patients, between alcoholics and non-alcoholics, significant differences were noted for antioxidant status and soluble to total proteins ratio of lens. Similar differences were seen between HIG male smokers and non-smokers. Multiple regression analysis of solubility and opacity of lens indicated influence of family size, sunlight exposure, and systolic blood pressure for predisposition of cataracts.
CONCLUSIONS: Along with high systolic blood pressure, waist:hip ratio, family size, sunlight exposure, and increased consumption of tobacco and alcohol were the risk factors for cataracts.
Authors:
Kirtan Vilas Tarwadi; Vaishali Vilas Agte
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-05-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.)     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1873-1244     ISO Abbreviation:  Nutrition     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8802712     Medline TA:  Nutrition     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  40-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Agharkar Research Institute, G.G. Agarkar Road, Pune, India.
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