Document Detail

Interrelationships between crime, substance abuse, and aggressive behaviours among persons with traumatic brain injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8605509     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Professionals have suggested that aggressiveness, substance abuse, and criminality contribute to poor outcomes after brain injury. There is considerable research regarding post-injury aggressive behaviour, but limited information concerning criminal behaviour and alcohol use patterns. With a sample of 327 patients varying in severity of traumatic brain injury, the present investigation examined alcohol use patterns, arrest histories, behavioural characteristics, and psychiatric treatment histories. Relative to the uninjured population, analysis revealed relatively high incidence of heavy drinking, both pre- and post-injury, among patients with a history of arrest. Increases in abstinence rates were found regardless of arrest history. In addition, a history of arrest was associated with a greater likelihood of psychiatric treatment. Findings also indicated relatively high levels of aggressive behaviours. Discussion focuses on implications for evaluation, rehabilitation, and future research.
J S Kreutzer; J H Marwitz; A D Witol
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain injury     Volume:  9     ISSN:  0269-9052     ISO Abbreviation:  Brain Inj     Publication Date:    1995 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-05-17     Completed Date:  1996-05-17     Revised Date:  2014-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8710358     Medline TA:  Brain Inj     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  757-68     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Aggression / psychology*
Alcoholism / epidemiology*,  rehabilitation
Brain Injuries / epidemiology,  psychology*,  rehabilitation
Crime / statistics & numerical data*
Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders / epidemiology*,  rehabilitation
Middle Aged
Treatment Outcome
Violence / statistics & numerical data

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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