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Interpretation of low-vision rehabilitation outcome measures.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23873035     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: This article presents a theoretical interpretation of patient-reported outcomes of low-vision rehabilitation (LVR) using rating scale questionnaires and uses previously published results of LVR outcome studies to illustrate theoretical points and validate assumptions.
THEORY: Patients' judgments of the difficulty they have performing tasks are interpreted as magnitude estimates of their functional reserve for each task, which is the difference between their visual ability and the visual ability demanded by the task. We assume that improvements in functional reserve can occur by increasing the patient's visual ability with medical, surgical, or refractive interventions or decreasing the visual ability demanded by the item with activity-specific vision assistive equipment, adaptations, and environmental modifications. Activity-specific interventions cause differential item functioning (intervention-related DIF). Intervention-related DIF makes the measured size of the treatment effect dependent on the item content and the mix of responsive and unresponsive items to intervention.
CONCLUSIONS: Because intervention-related DIF depends on the choice of items, the outcome measure selected should be appropriate to the aims of the intervention and the impairment level of the sample to demonstrate the full effects of an intervention. Items that are given extreme positive ratings at preintervention baseline (e.g., "not difficult") have no room for improvement. These items must also be filtered out because they will dilute the measured effect of the activity-specific interventions of LVR.
Authors:
Robert W Massof; Joan A Stelmack
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Optometry and vision science : official publication of the American Academy of Optometry     Volume:  90     ISSN:  1538-9235     ISO Abbreviation:  Optom Vis Sci     Publication Date:  2013 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-07-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8904931     Medline TA:  Optom Vis Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  788-98     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
*PhD, FAAO †OD, MPH, FAAO Lions Vision Research and Rehabilitation Center, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland (RWM); Blind Rehabilitation Center, Edward Hines Jr. Veterans Affairs Hospital, Hines, Illinois (JAS); Illinois Eye and Ear Infirmary, UIC Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Illinois School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois (JAS); and Illinois College of Optometry, Chicago, Illinois (JAS).
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