Document Detail

Interpersonal conflict and physical abuse in relation to pregnancy and infant birth weight.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10495265     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Women's experiences of different kinds of abusive behavior by their partners were studied in relation to birth weight of the women's infants and other pregnancy outcome measures. Eighty-four women who delivered a low-birth-weight (< 2500 g) infant (cases) and 90 women who delivered an infant with higher birth weight (controls) were interviewed in a case-control study. Information about the partners' behavior during conflicts were obtained by use of a modified Conflict Tactics Scale. Different interpersonal conflict behaviors were categorized as negative verbal interaction or moderate or severe physical abuse. Women who had experienced moderate or severe violence in a relationship also had experienced negative verbal interaction from their partner. Low birth weight was not associated with experiences of any interpersonal conflict behavior in the total sample (OR 0.75, 95% CI 0.42-1.37). Among women with a low birth weight infant, mean birth weight was 261 g lower among those who reported any interpersonal conflict behavior during pregnancy. Birth of a low-birth-weight infant was not associated with abuse in a wide sense. Also, such abuse was unassociated with a variety of other complications during pregnancy, lifestyle characteristics, or pregnancy outcome measures.
H Grimstad; B Schei; B Backe; G Jacobsen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of women's health & gender-based medicine     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1524-6094     ISO Abbreviation:  J Womens Health Gend Based Med     Publication Date:    1999 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-10-28     Completed Date:  1999-10-28     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100888719     Medline TA:  J Womens Health Gend Based Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  847-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Community Medicine and General Practice, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
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MeSH Terms
Birth Weight*
Case-Control Studies
Conflict (Psychology)*
Infant, Low Birth Weight*
Infant, Newborn
Life Style
Pregnancy Complications / psychology*
Pregnancy Outcome
Smoking / adverse effects
Spouse Abuse / psychology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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