Document Detail


An Internet-based abstinence reinforcement treatment for cigarette smoking.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16930854     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Although voucher reinforcement has been shown to promote abstinence from smoking, more practical methods are needed to obtain objective evidence of smoking status on a frequent and sustained basis. Using a within-subject reversal design, the present study tested an Internet-based method to obtain objective evidence of smoking status and to deliver voucher incentives for evidence of abstinence. Twenty (10 females) heavy smokers completed this 4-week study. Twice daily, participants made video recordings of themselves providing a breath carbon monoxide (CO) sample with a web camera. The video was made at home and sent electronically to the smoking clinic. Participants could earn vouchers for gradual reductions in breath CO during a 4-day shaping condition, and then for achieving abstinence (CO < or = 7 ppm) during a 10-day abstinence induction phase. Vouchers could be exchanged for merchandise at select Internet vendors. Relative to baseline conditions, significant decreases in CO were observed during treatment, and many participants achieved sustained periods of abstinence. The study suggests that an Internet-based voucher reinforcement program is a feasible and effective method to promote abstinence from cigarette smoking.
Authors:
Jesse Dallery; Irene M Glenn; Bethany R Raiff
Related Documents :
17050784 - Extended access to nicotine self-administration leads to dependence: circadian measures...
1409934 - Abstinence from smoking decreases habituation to food cues.
18096364 - Effects of gestational exposure to methylmercury and dietary selenium on reinforcement ...
17144754 - Subjective, behavioral, and physiological reactivity to ethnically matched and ethnical...
25230464 - Functional response of u.s. grasslands to the early 21st-century drought.
24897364 - Time course and transition analysis of the behavioural effects of microinjection of pen...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2006-08-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Drug and alcohol dependence     Volume:  86     ISSN:  0376-8716     ISO Abbreviation:  Drug Alcohol Depend     Publication Date:  2007 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-12-04     Completed Date:  2007-06-21     Revised Date:  2007-12-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7513587     Medline TA:  Drug Alcohol Depend     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  230-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University of Florida, P.O. Box 112250, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA. dallery@ufl.edu
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Breath Tests / instrumentation
Female
Humans
Internet / instrumentation*
Male
Reinforcement (Psychology)*
Smoking / prevention & control*
Smoking Cessation* / statistics & numerical data
Token Economy*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R21 DA15289/DA/NIDA NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  New lower nicotine cigarettes can produce compensatory smoking and increased carbon monoxide exposur...
Next Document:  The EQ-5D in alcohol dependent patients: relationships among health-related quality of life, psychop...