Document Detail

An internet-based education program improves breastfeeding knowledge of maternal-child healthcare providers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21029021     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract Background and Objectives: Breastfeeding rates in the United States remain below the Surgeon General's Healthy People 2010 goals. Encouragement of breastfeeding and education by maternal-child healthcare (MCH) providers (physicians, residents, and midlevel providers) improves breastfeeding initiation and duration. Surveys of MCH providers show lack of knowledge about breastfeeding. This study evaluated the effect of usage of "BreastfeedingBasics," a free Internet-based educational course, on the knowledge of MCH providers and evaluation of the baseline knowledge of course users. Methods: A before and after intervention study was done of MCH providers using the "BreastfeedingBasics" website between 1999 and 2008. Baseline knowledge and change in knowledge were assessed by computer-scored pretests and posttests. Results: Of 3,456 MCH providers enrolled, 2,237 (65%) completed one or more pretest. Total mean pretest/posttest scores were as follows: midlevel providers, 81%/89%; residents, 84%/93%; and physicians, 85%/92% (p < 0.001 among groups and between pretests and posttests). Mean pretest/posttest scores of the modules were as follows: Anatomy/Physiology, 79%/93%; Growth/Development, 72%/91%; Mother-Infant Couple (normal newborn), 82%/92%; and Breastfed Infant with Problems, 77%/91% (p < 0.001 for all). Specific topics with the lowest pretest scores and subsequent posttest scores were as follows (pretest/posttest): supplementation with vitamin D, 61%/93%; breastfeeding physiology, 38%/65%; growth of breastfed infants at 10 days, 80%/95%, 14 days, 72%/91%, and 3-4 months, 39%/84%; and stopping breastfeeding for maternal problems when not indicated, 69%/93% (p < 0.001 for all). Conclusions: Use of an Internet-based educational program improved knowledge of MCH providers as measured by pretest and posttest scores. Knowledge of the growth of breastfed infants is particularly poor. Increasing knowledge is the first step in improving clinical practice that is necessary for increasing breastfeeding rates and duration.
Mary E O'Connor; Emil W Brown; Linda Orkin Lewin
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-10-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Breastfeeding medicine : the official journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1556-8342     ISO Abbreviation:  Breastfeed Med     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101260777     Medline TA:  Breastfeed Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  421-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
1 Pediatrics, Community Health Services , Denver Health, Denver, Colorado.
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