Document Detail

International perspective on the diagnosis of death.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22194427     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
There is growing medical consensus in a unifying concept of human death. All human death involves the irreversible loss of the capacity for consciousness, combined with the irreversible loss of the capacity to breathe. Death then is a result of the irreversible loss of these functions in the brain. This paper outlines three sets of criteria to diagnose human death. Each set of criteria clearly establishes the irreversible loss of the capacity for consciousness, combined with the irreversible loss of the capacity to breathe. The most appropriate set of criteria to use is determined by the circumstances in which the medical practitioner is called upon to diagnose death. The three criteria sets are somatic (features visible on external inspection of the corpse), circulatory (after cardiorespiratory arrest), and neurological (in patients in coma on mechanical ventilation); and represent a diagnostic standard in which the medical profession and the public can have complete confidence. This review unites authors from Australia, Canada, and the UK and examines the medical criteria that we should use in 2012 to diagnose human death.
D Gardiner; S Shemie; A Manara; H Opdam
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of anaesthesia     Volume:  108 Suppl 1     ISSN:  1471-6771     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Anaesth     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-23     Completed Date:  2012-02-23     Revised Date:  2012-05-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372541     Medline TA:  Br J Anaesth     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  i14-28     Citation Subset:  IM    
Adult Intensive Care, Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, Derby Road, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Brain Death / diagnosis
Ethics, Medical
Heart Arrest / diagnosis*
International Cooperation
Terminology as Topic
Comment In:
Br J Anaesth. 2012 May;108(5):876; author reply 877   [PMID:  22499748 ]
Br J Anaesth. 2012 Jan;108 Suppl 1:i6-9   [PMID:  22194433 ]
Br J Anaesth. 2012 May;108(5):876-7; author reply 877   [PMID:  22499747 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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