Document Detail

International legislation on trace elements as contaminants in food: a review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12443553     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Environmental contaminants such as trace elements may be present in all foods. Foods, raw materials and ingredients for food production are to an increasing extent traded across borders. Hence, there is a need for international legislation on trace elements as contaminants in food. In 1961, the FAO and WHO established the Codex Alimentarius to elaborate international food legislation. Contaminants in food are handled by the Codex Committee for Food Additives and Contaminants (CCFAC). The Codex Alimentarius system for developing legislation concerning trace elements as contaminants in food is based upon the Codex General Standard for Contaminants and Toxins in Food (GSCTF). By October 2001, the principles for setting maximum limits (MLs) for contaminants in food are agreed, and work is in progress on MLs for trace elements such as lead and cadmium in the various food categories. The status for the proposals is presented and discussed. The EU Regulation 466/2001 of 8 March 2001 sets MLs for lead and cadmium in various foods. This regulation will apply from 5 April 2002. The EU regulation is more detailed but similar to the Codex draft standards for lead and cadmium in food. In future, legislators and administrators in the Codex and EU and analytical chemists will discuss how to use more and better analytical data as risk-management tools to protect public health. Trace elements' speciation is an important aspect of this discussion.
T Berg; D Licht
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food additives and contaminants     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0265-203X     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Addit Contam     Publication Date:  2002 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-11-21     Completed Date:  2003-01-03     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8500474     Medline TA:  Food Addit Contam     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  916-27     Citation Subset:  IM    
Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Mørkhøj Bygade 19, DK-2860 Søborg, Denmark.
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MeSH Terms
European Union
Food Contamination / legislation & jurisprudence*
International Cooperation*
Maximum Allowable Concentration
Public Health Practice / legislation & jurisprudence*
Trace Elements / analysis*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Trace Elements

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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