Document Detail

International Child Care Practices study: breastfeeding and pacifier use.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16115805     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Although the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative advises that no pacifiers be given to breastfeeding infants, both breastfeeding and pacifier use may protect against sudden infant death syndrome. The International Child Care Practice Study data set on child care practices associated with sudden infant death syndrome risk from 21 centers in 17 countries was used to describe infant-feeding practices and pacifier use and assess factors associated with breastfeeding. At approximately 3 months of age, rates of breastfeeding only (4%-80%) and pacifier use(12.5%-71%) varied between centers. Pacifier use was negatively associated with breastfeeding, and a dose-response effect was noted. Other negative (multiple birth, smoking by mother) and positive (intention to breastfeed, bed sharing, mothers' education) associations with breastfeeding only were identified. Although causality should not be inferred, these associations are consistent with previous studies. Advice on pacifiers should include potential benefits as well as risks.
E A S Nelson; Ly-Mee Yu; Sheila Williams;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of human lactation : official journal of International Lactation Consultant Association     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0890-3344     ISO Abbreviation:  J Hum Lact     Publication Date:  2005 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-08-23     Completed Date:  2005-10-17     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8709498     Medline TA:  J Hum Lact     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  289-95     Citation Subset:  N    
Department of Paediatrics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong.
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MeSH Terms
Breast Feeding* / psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Infant Care / methods*
Infant, Newborn
Mother-Child Relations
Pacifiers* / adverse effects
Sudden Infant Death / prevention & control*
Time Factors

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