Document Detail

Intermittent capnography during high-frequency jet ventilation for prolonged rigid bronchoscopy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10757570     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Gas exchange during high-frequency jet ventilation (HFJV) for prolonged rigid bronchoscopy (RBS) is usually monitored by arterial blood gas analysis. Capnography of expired gases during brief HFJV discontinuation may be a reliable and noninvasive supplemental method. Capnography can be performed either for single breaths or with respiratory rate (RR) reduced to 10 x min(-1). The aim of this study was to demonstrate that capnography during short periods of HFJV discontinuation represents a reliable measure of PaCO2 during prolonged RBS. METHODS: We prospectively investigated 100 consecutive patients (75 male and 25 female) undergoing HFJV for RBS. HFJV was delivered through the rigid bronchoscope at the following settings: working pressure 1.2 bar, rate 100 x min(-1), FIO2 0.99, t(i)/t(tot)0.6. The light guiding channel ending at the distal tip of the rigid bronchoscope was used for gas sampling. Capnograms were assessed at 5 min intervals and compared to PaCO2 from arterial blood samples drawn simultaneously. The accuracy of single breath CO2 sampling was compared with sampling at RR=10 x min(-1). RESULTS: Mean duration of RBS was 30+/-21 min. A significant correlation between capnography (PetCO2) and arterial blood gas analysis (PaCO2) was observed, being r=0.90 for the RR= 10 x min(-1) method and r=0.91 for the single breath method. Mean difference between PaCO2 and PetCO2 was 0.37+/-0.2 kPa throughout the entire study period. No significant differences between single breath sampling or sampling at RR=10 x min(-1) were observed. CONCLUSION: Capnography performed during short periods of HFJV discontinuation reliably and noninvasively reflects PaCO2 during prolonged endoscopic procedures. Capnography during HFJV for RBS may reduce the frequency of arterial blood gas sampling, the duration of unmonitored intervals and costs.
T Frietsch; P Krafft; H D Becker; H Buelzebruck; K Wiedemann
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica     Volume:  44     ISSN:  0001-5172     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Anaesthesiol Scand     Publication Date:  2000 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-06-05     Completed Date:  2000-06-05     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370270     Medline TA:  Acta Anaesthesiol Scand     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  391-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
LVA Baden Thoracic Clinic, Heidelberg, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Carbon Dioxide / blood
High-Frequency Jet Ventilation*
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Pulmonary Gas Exchange
Reg. No./Substance:
124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide

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