Document Detail

Intermittent alveolar overdistension for 30 or 240 minutes does not produce acute lung injury in normal pig lung.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16427087     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The objective is to study whether alveolar overdistension can induce acute lung injury in pigs as assessed by analysis of respiratory and histological parameters and inflammatory markers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Experimental study, using mixed-breed pigs. Animals were assigned to one of the following groups: Control Group (CG) (n = 5), applying mechanical ventilation with tidal volume (Vt) of 10 ml/kg, respiratory rate (RR) of 18 bpm, and FiO2 of 1 for 240 min; High Vt for 30 min (HVt-30) Group (n = 5), applying ventilation with Vt of 50 ml/kg and RR of 8 bpm and FiO2 of 1 for 30 min, followed by ventilation as in the CG for a further 210 min; and HVt-240 Group (n = 5), applying ventilation with Vt of 50 ml/kg, RR of 8 bpm, and FiO2 of 1 for 240 min. Hemodynamic parameters, airway pressures, arterial blood gases, extravascular lung water (EVLW), and cytokines (IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-alpha, and ITF-gamma) in plasma and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) were determined. Lungs were fixed with 10% formalin for histological analysis. Results are expressed as mean +/- standard deviation. The ANOVA test was used to compare measurements among the three groups. RESULTS: At 30 min, airway pressures and oxygenation of HVt-30 and HVt-240 groups were higher than those of controls [Pplateau: 39.2 +/- 5.6 and 33.0+/- 5.1 versus 12.2 +/- 1.3 (P < 0.01); PaO2/FiO2: 443.8 +/- 55 and 430.6 +/- 34 versus 194.4 +/- 77 (P < 0.01)]. In HVt-240 group, these parameters were also higher than in the other two groups at the subsequent measurement times. There were no differences among the groups in EVLW values. Cytokines were undetected or negligible in plasma and BAL in all of the groups. The histological analysis showed no changes suggestive of acute lung injury. CONCLUSIONS: In this animal model, ventilation for 4 h with large tidal volume did not cause ventilator-induced lung injury.
Manuel García-Delgado; Inés Navarrete-Sánchez; Manuel Colmenero; Angel Touma-Fernández; Javier Esquivias López-Cuervo; Laila Hassan-Montero; Enrique Fernández-Mondéjar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-01-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of surgical research     Volume:  131     ISSN:  0022-4804     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Surg. Res.     Publication Date:  2006 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-03-14     Completed Date:  2006-04-20     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376340     Medline TA:  J Surg Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  233-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Emergency and Critical Care, Universitary Hospital Virgen de las Nieves, Granada, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Acute Disease
Cytokines / analysis
Disease Models, Animal
Pulmonary Alveoli / pathology*
Reproducibility of Results
Respiration, Artificial / adverse effects*
Tidal Volume
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:

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