Document Detail


Intermediate-term results of a nonresectional dynamic repair technique in 662 patients with mitral valve prolapse and mitral regurgitation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20416889     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: A nonresectional technique has been developed for repair of mitral leaflet prolapse causing mitral regurgitation. Polytetrafluoroethylene chordae are used for correction of edge misalignment of the prolapsed mitral leaflet. New chordal length is adjusted during progressive left ventricular inflation to systolic pressure. Annular sizing is determined dynamically after leaflet edge alignment is accomplished to produce an optimal zone of predefined leaflet apposition. The aim of this study was to document the 8- to 10-year durability of this nonresectional approach.
METHODS: From 1983 through 2008, 1121 consecutive patients had mitral valve repair on one service. Of these, 662 had repair of mitral leaflet prolapse. From 1983 until 1998, standard quadratic leaflet resection/plication was used in 72 (11.1%) patients, similar but smaller resection in 93 (14.1%) patients, and then smaller resection and polytetrafluoroethylene chordae in 24 (3.7%) patients. All received Puig-Massana fully flexible rings (Shiley, Inc, Irvine, Calif). After 1998, no leaflet resections or valve replacements have been performed regardless of leaflet size in 566 consecutive patients. Of the 662 patients, the mean age was 62.6 ± 14.1 years, and 424 (64.1%) patients were male. Coronary artery disease was present in 147 (22.2%) patients and 33 (5.0%) had prior coronary artery bypass. Leaflets corrected were as follows: anterior, 152 (23.0%) patients; posterior, 427 (64.5%); and both, 83 (12.5%) Common pathologic characteristics of prolapsing valves were as follows: myxomatous, 332 (50.2%) patients, degenerative, 83 (12.5%), ischemic, 31 (4.7%), and rheumatic, 29 (4.4%).
RESULTS: Perioperative mortality was 2.9% (19/662) overall and 0.49% (2/414) for isolated repair. Freedom from reoperation at 10 years (Kaplan-Meier) was 90.1% and freedom from significant mitral regurgitation (echocardiography) was 93.9%.
CONCLUSIONS: This study confirms that mitral regurgitation from mitral leaflet prolapse can be repaired in all cases by a nonresectional technique provided that accurate dynamic evaluation of chordal length and annular sizing is achieved. The intermediate-term results are durable.
Authors:
Gerald M Lawrie; Elizabeth A Earle; Nan Earle
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-04-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  141     ISSN:  1097-685X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376343     Medline TA:  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  368-76     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Heart Valve Institute, Methodist DeBakey Heart and Vascular Center, Houston, Tex.
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