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Interleukins in preeclampsia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17322732     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is a multisystemic disorder of unknown etiology. Recently, endothelial damage has been implicated in its cause. The objective of this study was to determine the role of interleukins in the etiology of preeclampsia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two primigravidas with preeclampsia but without any clinical evidence of infection and 32 age-matched primigravidas with uncomplicated normal pregnancies were investigated. Phlebotomy was performed at 32 weeks of gestation and blood collected for immunoassays of interleukin-2 (IL2), interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8) and interleukin-10 (IL-10), using commercially available immunoassay kits. RESULTS: Although the maternal plasma concentrations of IL-2 and IL-2R were slightly higher in normal pregnant women (76.3+/-13.7 pg/mL and 526.3+/-47.1 pg/mL, respectively) than in women with preeclampsia (57.8+/-10.8 pg/mL and 476.9+/-33.9 pg/mL, respectively), the differences were not statistically significant (P>0.05). However, maternal plasma IL-6 and IL-8 concentrations were significantly higher (P<0.05) in normal pregnancy (158.0+/-35.4 pg/mL and 5163.6+/-800 pg/mL, respectively) than in pregnancy complicated with preeclampsia (60.0+/-13.7 pg/mL and 2495.8+/-729.4 pg/mL, respectively). On the other hand, maternal plasma concentration of IL-10 was significantly higher (P<0.05) in preeclampsia (93.2+/-24.1 pg/mL) than in normal pregnancy (31.07+/-7.0 pg/mL). CONCLUSION: It is concluded that the elevated maternal plasma IL-10 concentration in preeclampsia may be a protective response to maternal immunorejection.
S O Olusi; M Diejomaoh; A Omu; A Abdulaziz; K Prabha; S George
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of Saudi medicine     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0256-4947     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Saudi Med     Publication Date:  2000 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-02-26     Completed Date:  2007-05-17     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8507355     Medline TA:  Ann Saudi Med     Country:  Saudi Arabia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4-7     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Safat, Kuwait.
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