Document Detail


Interference in quorum sensing signal transmission amongst microbial species.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23195556     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Antibiotics are usually studied on pure cultures of a single bacterial strain, whereas multi-species communities that inhabit human niches and the biosphere are generally ignored. The modification of quorum sensing (QS) is investigated in a system involving a co-existing signal producer and sensor bacterial cells. A pure culture of merely one bacterial species is quite rare in any niche. The interactions of different bacterial species may therefore be of special importance in pathogenicity, antibiotic resistance and signal transmission.In the present study the authors investigated the QS in model experiments involving several Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial species isolated from human infections or laboratory strains. The effects of various compounds on QS were studied in mixed bacterial populations during the incubation period of 24-48 h. As the simplest example of co-existing cell populations, the N-acyl homoserine lactone producing Ezf 10-17 was applied with Chromobacterium violaceum 026 as sensor.The signal of QS transmission between the co-existing QS system and pathogenic bacteria isolated from various patients was found to be modified by certain bacterial cells. The bacterial-bacterial interactions in a mixed flora can change the classical signal transmission in the microbial community and should therefore be taken into consideration in rational chemotherapy.
Authors:
Zoltán G Varga; Mira Agnes Szabó; Monika Kerényi; Joseph Molnár
Related Documents :
23893686 - Nsr from streptococcus agalactiae confers resistance against nisin and is encoded by a ...
24171566 - Giardia in mountain gorillas (gorilla beringei beringei), forest buffalo (syncerus caff...
23880136 - Bacterial biofilm development as a multicellular adaptation: antibiotic resistance and ...
24089366 - Combination of fluorescence microscopy and nanomotion detection to characterize bacteria.
20601486 - Paenibacillus jilunlii sp. nov., a nitrogen-fixing species isolated from the rhizospher...
23996096 - Pqsr-dependent and pqsr-independent regulation of motility and biofilm formation by pqs...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta microbiologica et immunologica Hungarica     Volume:  59     ISSN:  1217-8950     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Microbiol Immunol Hung     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9434021     Medline TA:  Acta Microbiol Immunol Hung     Country:  Hungary    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  475-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Szeged Institute of Medical Microbiology and Immunobiology Szeged Hungary.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Urogenital myiasis: A human case report.
Next Document:  Immune responses against chimeric DNA and protein vaccines composed of plpEN-OmpH and PlpEC-OmpH fro...