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Interference of IP-10 Expression Inhibits Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation and Intimal Hyperplasia in Carotid Artery: A New Insight in the Prevention of Restenosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21850543     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
After vascular angioplasty, vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation causes atherosclerosis and intimal hyperplasia leading to restenosis. Interferon-γ-inducible protein (IP)-10 plays a role in atherogenesis, but the mechanism remains unclear. We evaluated the role of IP-10 in intimal hyperplasia and restenosis. IP-10 expression was determined in arterial specimens from 20 arteriosclerotic obliteration patients and 6 healthy individuals. VSMCs were stimulated in vitro with IFN-γ and transfected with IP-10 siRNA. Silencing was verified with RT-PCR/Western blot; cell proliferation rate was detected by methyl-thiazol-tetrazolium. The carotid artery model of atherosclerosis injury was established with IP-10 siRNA. IP-10 expression was detected at 1 and 4 weeks using RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. Artery morphology was assessed with hematoxylin-and-eosin staining, and intimal hyperplasia was evaluated by electron microscopy. IP-10 was overexpressed in arteriosclerotic obliteration group compared with control group (P < 0.05). IP-10 expression in transfected group was significantly lower than in untransfected group. The intima-to-media ratio of transfected group at 4 weeks was lower than that of untransfected group (P < 0.01). The transfected group exhibited more regular intimal structure and less hyperplasia under electron microscopy. We, therefore, concluded that IP-10 played an important role in intimal hyperplasia as siRNA-mediated IP-10 silencing inhibited aberrant VSMCs hyperplasia and reduced restenosis.
Authors:
Hu Zuojun; Hu Lingyu; He Wei; Yin Henghui; Zhang Chonggang; Wang Jingsong; Wang Mian; Liu Yong; Wang Shenming
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-8-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cell biochemistry and biophysics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1559-0283     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-8-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9701934     Medline TA:  Cell Biochem Biophys     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Vascular Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510080, China, zuojunhu@hotmail.com.
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