Document Detail


Interdisciplinary health promotion: a call for theory-based interventions drawing on the skills of multiple disciplines.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22998305     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Promoting the health of populations demands the adoption of a perspective exploring the societal, political, community, family and individual determinants of health. I will argue that to develop interventions to modify health-related behaviours and health risks requires collaboration with a range of disciplines, in order to draw upon their theoretical, empirical and oftentimes political knowledge. To illustrate this thesis, I will draw upon research in three areas: improving oral health-related behaviours in individuals with periodontal disease and childhood caries; encouraging early recognition in head and neck cancer; and managing dental anxiety. Reviews of oral health education in the early 1990s suggested that approaches based on education were largely ineffective in the absence of the provision of fluoride supplementation. More recently, high-quality research has identified simple, theory-based interventions that can improve adherence to specific oral hygiene-related behaviours. Similarly, a range of studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of motivational interviewing for targeting caries-related behaviours in targeted groups. Dental anxiety remains a significant barrier to the uptake of dental services, and again, by working in multi-disciplinary teams, a proportionate and comprehensive range of interventions can be adopted to alleviate the burden of dental fear. Finally, head and neck cancer has potentially serious effects for sufferers, but often presents late for a variety of reasons. Through developing a theoretical model of help-seeking behaviour, psychologists have been able to identify targets for interventions and work together with the healthcare team to develop these.
Authors:
Jonathon Timothy Newton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Community dentistry and oral epidemiology     Volume:  40 Suppl 2     ISSN:  1600-0528     ISO Abbreviation:  Community Dent Oral Epidemiol     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410263     Medline TA:  Community Dent Oral Epidemiol     Country:  Denmark    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  49-54     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Affiliation:
Unit of Social and Behavioural Sciences, King's College London Dental Institute, London, UK.
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