Document Detail

Interception of the development of self tolerance in fetal lambs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2776826     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Investigation of the nature of immunological self tolerance has usually relied upon experimental protocols in which the tolerant state is interrupted in mature animals with the production of autoimmune disease. While such research has improved the understanding of those processes operative in overt autoimmunity, it has not been informative in relation to events associated with the establishment of self tolerance. Any description of this state which is to be based on observation will necessitate the use of experimental systems that permit observation of animals during the development of self tolerance. The present experiment entailed intervention approximately one third of the way through the gestation period of fetal lambs. An earlier experiment had established that 54-day fetal lambs would accept allografts of adult skin. This indicated that the capacity to discriminate between self and non-self had not been acquired at that age. Fetuses at this stage of gestation were submitted to either partial or total removal of the thyroid gland. The excised tissue was then implanted in nude mice for periods of 5 to 9 weeks. It was subsequently replaced subcutaneously, either in the original donor or in another fetus at a comparable stage of gestation. At postmortem examination, several weeks later, self implants in lambs from which the thyroid gland had been completely removed displayed autoimmune thyroiditis of varying degrees of severity. However, self implants in partially thyroidectomized animals were uniformly free from autoimmune manifestations. This implied that these reactions had not been directed against contaminating murine tissues in the implants replaced in completely thyroidectomized lambs. All allogeneic implants were subject to vey heavy lymphocytic infiltration, usually with accompanying necrosis consistent with allograft rejection. This was taken as an indication that hypothyroid fetal lambs had become immunocompetent by the time of thyroid reimplantation. Spontaneous immunological reactivity against reimplanted self thyroid tissue by thyroidectomized lambs was interpreted as a failure to acquire the capacity for self recognition as a result of antigen deprivation.
P McCullagh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of immunology     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0014-2980     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Immunol.     Publication Date:  1989 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-10-17     Completed Date:  1989-10-17     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1273201     Medline TA:  Eur J Immunol     Country:  GERMANY, WEST    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1387-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Immunology, John Curtin School of Medical Research, Australian National University, Canberra, A.C.T.
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MeSH Terms
Fetus / immunology*
Gestational Age
Immune Tolerance*
Mice, Nude
Sheep / embryology,  immunology
Thyroid Gland / embryology,  immunology*,  transplantation

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