Document Detail


Interactions between triiodothyronine (T3) and amiodarone in the isolated perfused rabbit heart.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2135059     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The influence of 5 days' triiodothyronine (T3) administration (0,1 mg/kg/day) on myocardial uptake kinetics and electrocardiographic effects of amiodarone (4,7 10(-6)M) were examined in isolated perfused rabbit hearts. Pharmacokinetic parameters were determined by plotting the coronary sinus effluent amiodarone concentration time-data. Electrocardiographic effects were measured as percentage changes in PR, QRS and QT electrocardiogram intervals measured in hearts removed from T3 pretreated rabbits. The perfusion of normal rabbit hearts with a modified Krebs Henseleit buffer containing amiodarone prolonged PR, QRS and QT intervals by 74%, 76% and 14% respectively, while in T3 pretreated rabbit hearts, amiodarone induced a prolongation of 84% PR, 27% QRS and 9% QT. Myocardial amiodarone accumulation normalized for heart weight represented myocardial concentrations of 260.6 +/- 20.9 micrograms/g and 235.6 +/- 11.9 micrograms/g of tissue respectively in the normal and T3 pretreated groups after a 60 min perfusion. The relationship between myocardial amiodarone concentration and electrocardiographic effects on PR and QRS were linear in both groups. The data demonstrate that the thyroïd hormone T3 did not change the kinetics of the myocardial uptake of amiodarone, but that it did change the electrocardiographic effects. Although T3 potentialized the amiodarone effect on PR, it reduced its effect on intraventricular conduction and ventricular repolarisation.
Authors:
J P Kantelip; H Akdhim
Related Documents :
3984859 - Effect of bradycardia on dispersion of ventricular refractoriness.
18952549 - Cardiac repolarization analysis using the surface electrocardiogram.
16580419 - Effects of coronary revascularization and concomitant aneurysmectomy on qt interval dur...
657179 - Maturational changes in left and right ventricular electromechanical intervals in the n...
19764349 - Vulnerability to unidirectional conduction block and reentry in rabbit left ventricular...
6192159 - Detailed analysis of 24 hour ambulatory electrocardiographic recordings during ventricu...
9261729 - Changes in r wave amplitude: ecg differentiation between episodes of reocclusion and re...
3277899 - Oxygen-derived free radicals and 'stunned myocardium'.
10640789 - Angina pectoris in severe aortic stenosis.
Publication Detail:
Type:  In Vitro; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal de toxicologie clinique et expérimentale     Volume:  10     ISSN:  0753-2830     ISO Abbreviation:  J Toxicol Clin Exp     Publication Date:    1990 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-05-21     Completed Date:  1992-05-21     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8606713     Medline TA:  J Toxicol Clin Exp     Country:  FRANCE    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  437-48     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Service de Physiopathologie Respiratoire et Exploration Fonctionnelle Cérébrale--Centre Hospitalier et Universitaire, Besançon.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Amiodarone / pharmacokinetics,  pharmacology*
Animals
Drug Interactions
Electrocardiography
Heart / drug effects*,  physiopathology
Male
Myocardium / metabolism
Perfusion
Rabbits
Triiodothyronine / pharmacology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
1951-25-3/Amiodarone; 6893-02-3/Triiodothyronine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Serum choline esterase and liver function among a group of organophosphorus pesticides sprayers in E...
Next Document:  Effect of PK11195 on cardiovascular toxicity due to verapamil: an experimental study in the dog.