Document Detail


Interaction of nutrient limitation and elevated CO2 concentration on carbon assimilation of a tropical tree seedling (Cedrela odorata).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11303573     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Carbon assimilation by Cedrela odorata L. (Meliaceae) seedlings was investigated in ambient and elevated CO2 concentrations ([CO2]) for 119 days, using small fumigation chambers. A solution containing macro- and micronutrients was supplied at two rates. The 5% rate (high rate) was designed to avoid nutrient limitation and allow a maximum rate of growth. The 1% rate (low rate) allowed examination of the effect of the nutrient limitation-elevated CO2 interaction on carbon assimilation. Root growth was stimulated by 23% in elevated [CO2] at a high rate of nutrient supply, but this did not lead to a change in the root:shoot ratio. Total biomass did not change at either rate of nutrient supply, despite an increase in relative growth rate at the low nutrient supply rate. Net assimilation rates and relative growth rates were stimulated by the high rate of nutrient addition, irrespective of [CO2]. We used a biochemical model of photosynthesis to investigate assimilation at the leaf level. Maximum rate of electron transport (Jmax) and maximum velocity of carboxylation (Vcmax) did not differ significantly with CO2 treatment, but showed a substantial reduction at the low rate of nutrient supply. Across both CO2 treatments, mean Jmax for seedlings grown at a high rate of nutrient supply was 75 micromol m(-2) s(-1) and mean Vcmax was 27 micromol m(-2) s(-1). The corresponding mean values for seedlings grown at a low rate of nutrient supply were 36 micromol m(-2) s(-1) and 15 micromol m(-2) s(-1), respectively. Concentrations of leaf nitrogen, on a mass basis, were significantly decreased by the low nutrient supply rate, in proportion to the observed decrease in photosynthetic parameters. Chlorophyll and carbohydrate concentrations of leaves were unaffected by growth [CO2]. Because there was no net increase in growth in response to elevated [CO2], despite increased assimilation of carbon at the leaf level, we hypothesize that the rate of respiration of non-photosynthetic organs was increased.
Authors:
F E Carswell; J Grace; M E Lucas; P G Jarvis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Tree physiology     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0829-318X     ISO Abbreviation:  Tree Physiol.     Publication Date:  2000 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-04-16     Completed Date:  2001-07-19     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100955338     Medline TA:  Tree Physiol     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  977-86     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute of Ecology and Resource Management, University of Edinburgh, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Carbon / analysis
Carbon Dioxide / metabolism*
Chlorophyll / analysis
Plant Leaves / chemistry,  growth & development,  physiology
Plant Roots / chemistry,  physiology
Plant Stems / chemistry,  physiology
Trees / growth & development,  physiology*
Tropical Climate
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide; 1406-65-1/Chlorophyll; 7440-44-0/Carbon

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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