Document Detail

Interaction between gastrocnemius muscle weakness and moderate exercise deteriorates joint integrity in rat knee.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24588549     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The aim of this study was to determine the effect on the knee joint of the interaction between ankle muscle weakness and moderate exercise. Gastrocnemius muscle weakness was induced by intramuscular injection of botulinum toxin type A (BTX) in rats. Low-speed treadmill running (12 m/min for 60 min) was applied for 6 weeks in rats with and without BTX. Untreated animals were used as controls. After BTX injection, the gastrocnemius muscle weakness was confirmed by 3-D motion analysis in kinematic features of the hindlimb during locomotion as an increased maximal dorsiflexion angle during the stance phase. Serum biomarker analysis by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay revealed that low-speed running decreased the catabolic effect on type II collagen. However, the inhibition of catabolism induced by running exercise was significantly counteracted by BTX injection. In addition, thinning of the cartilage layer and a reduction in the chondrocyte density was also found in the tibial plateau of the knee in the BTX-injected rats after running for 6 weeks. These data suggest that moderate exercise have a positive effect on joint homeostasis. However, ankle muscle weakness may alter the mechanical environment of the knee and impair the integrity of joint cartilage with moderate exercise.
J Ozawa; A Kaneguchi; R Tanaka; S Kawamata; T Kurose; H Moriyama; N Kito; N Kawaguchi; N Matsuura
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-3-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1600-0838     ISO Abbreviation:  Scand J Med Sci Sports     Publication Date:  2014 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-3-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9111504     Medline TA:  Scand J Med Sci Sports     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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