Document Detail


Interaction of aflatoxin with Eimeria tenella infection and monensin in young broiler chickens.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1200947     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Young broiler chicks inoculated with Eimeria tenella and given a diet containing 2.5 mug aflatoxin/g had significantly higher mortality than birds with aflatoxicosis or coccidiosis alone or uninoculated controls. This effect was seen even when a light coccidial infection alone did not increase mortality or cause weight depression. In addition this higher mortality with the combination began earleir and occurred at a higher rate than did mortality from aflatoxin or cecal coccidiosis alone. Dietary monensin sodium (99 umg/g) did not completely prevent mortality and weight depression when aflatoxin and E. tenella were in combination. Aflatoxin and E. tenella singly significantly depressed three-week body weights; however, the depression was most severe when the two were in combination. Both dietary aflatoxin and E. tenella significantly reduced hemoglobin, packed cell volume, and plasma pigmentation, and in combination resulted in more severely reduced hemoglobin, packed cell volume, and plasma pigmentation. Coccidial lesion scores were significantly less for the combination of E. tenella and aflatoxicosis than for coccidiosis alone. This atypical response of the ceca to E. tenella in the presence of dietary aflatoxin was characterized by less distended ceca, very little coagulated blood in the ceca, and apparently more profuse cecal hemorrhage.
Authors:
R D Wyatt; M D Ruff; R K Page
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Avian diseases     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0005-2086     ISO Abbreviation:  Avian Dis.     Publication Date:    1975 Oct-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1976-02-21     Completed Date:  1976-02-21     Revised Date:  2005-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370617     Medline TA:  Avian Dis     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  730-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aflatoxins / toxicity*
Animals
Body Weight
Coccidiosis / drug therapy,  mortality,  veterinary*
Furans / therapeutic use*
Hematocrit
Male
Monensin / therapeutic use*
Pigments, Biological / blood
Poultry Diseases* / drug therapy,  mortality
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Aflatoxins; 0/Furans; 0/Pigments, Biological; 17090-79-8/Monensin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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