Document Detail

Interaction of operational and physicochemical factors leading to Gordonia amarae-like foaming in an incompletely nitrifying activated sludge plant.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22983974     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The overgrowth of Gordonia amarae-like bacteria in the mixed liquor of an incompletely nitrifying water reclamation plant was inversely correlated with temperature (r = -0.78; P < 0.005) and positively correlated with the solids retention time (SRT) obtained a week prior to sampling (r = 0.67; P < 0.005). Drops followed by spikes in the food-to-mass ratio (0.18 to 0.52) and biochemical oxygen demand concentrations in primary effluent (94 to 298 mg liter(-1)) occurred at the initiation of G. amarae-like bacterial growth. The total bacterial concentration did not increase as concentrations of G. amarae-like cells increased, but total bacterial cell concentrations fluctuated in a manner similar to that of G. amarae-like bacteria in the pseudo-steady state. The ammonium ion removal rate (percent) was inversely related to G. amarae-like cell concentrations during accelerated growth and washout phases. The dissolved oxygen concentration decreased as the G. amarae-like cell concentration decreased. The concentrations of G. amarae-like cells peaked (2.47 × 10(9) cells liter(-1)) approximately 1.5 months prior to foaming. Foaming occurred during the late pseudo-steady-state phase, when temperature declines reversed. These findings suggested that temperature changes triggered operational and physicochemical changes favorable to the growth of G. amarae-like bacteria. Fine-scale quantitative PCR (qPCR) monitoring at weekly intervals allowed a better understanding of the factors affecting this organism and indicated that frequent sampling was required to obtain statistical significance with factors changing as the concentrations of this organism increased. Furthermore, the early identification of G. amarae-like cells when they are confined to mixed liquor (10(7) cells liter(-1)) allows management strategies to prevent foaming.
Pitiporn Asvapathanagul; Zhonghua Huang; Phillip B Gedalanga; Amber Baylor; Betty H Olson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2012-09-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied and environmental microbiology     Volume:  78     ISSN:  1098-5336     ISO Abbreviation:  Appl. Environ. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-09     Completed Date:  2013-04-15     Revised Date:  2013-07-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7605801     Medline TA:  Appl Environ Microbiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  8165-75     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Civil Engineering and Construction Engineering Management, California State University Long Beach, Long Beach, California, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Actinomycetales / growth & development*,  metabolism*
Bacterial Load
Molecular Sequence Data
Organic Chemicals / metabolism
Quaternary Ammonium Compounds / metabolism
Sequence Analysis, DNA
Sewage / microbiology*
Water Purification*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Organic Chemicals; 0/Quaternary Ammonium Compounds; 0/Sewage

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