Document Detail


Interacting effects of preoperative information and patient choice in adaptation to colonoscopy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16228834     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to match patient information requirements by determining whether giving patients a choice for additional preprocedural audiovisual information modifies the effectiveness of this information on anxiety, worry, knowledge, and patient satisfaction. METHODS: Patients scheduled to undergo colonoscopy were approached one week before their procedure. All patients received an information leaflet during their standard preanesthetic clinic visit. Patients were randomly assigned to a choice or no-choice condition. Patients in the choice condition were free to watch or not watch the video, people in the no-choice condition were further randomized to watch or not watch the video. Measures of anxiety and worry were completed before watching the video. Anxiety, worry, knowledge, and satisfaction were measured one week later just before the colonoscopy. RESULTS: One hundred sixty-six patients completed the study. Of those patients randomized to the choice condition, 69 percent wanted to watch the video. Those who chose not to watch the video were significantly more worried on the day of their procedure. Consistent with current evidence, watching the video was associated with improvements in short-term knowledge (F(1,161) = 4.8, P = 0.03). There was, however, no significant effect of the choice or video conditions on anxiety or patient satisfaction. CONCLUSIONS: There appears to be no additional benefits in terms of patient outcomes by allowing patients to choose whether they want additional audiovisual information. We suggest that all patients undergoing colonoscopy would benefit from watching such an educational video in the week before their procedure.
Authors:
Sue Pearson; Guy J Maddern; Peter Hewett
Related Documents :
6499534 - Dermatologists' referrals of prescriptions requiring compounding.
16984504 - Adherence rates with infliximab therapy in crohn's disease.
3630834 - Reduction mammaplasty: a medicolegal hazard?
18598614 - Strategies for incorporating antimicrobial mouthrinses into daily oral care.
21623214 - Vitamin d status in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who participate...
21075454 - Affective reactivity in heroin-dependent patients with antisocial personality disorder.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Diseases of the colon and rectum     Volume:  48     ISSN:  0012-3706     ISO Abbreviation:  Dis. Colon Rectum     Publication Date:  2005 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-12-23     Completed Date:  2006-01-19     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372764     Medline TA:  Dis Colon Rectum     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2047-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Health Sciences, School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of South Australia, City East Campus, North Terrace, Adelaide, South Australia, 5000, Australia. sue.pearson@unisa.edu.au
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Psychological*
Adult
Aged
Anxiety / etiology,  prevention & control*
Audiovisual Aids
Choice Behavior*
Colonoscopy / psychology*
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Patient Education as Topic*
Patient Satisfaction

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Single-fiber electromyography correlates more closely with incontinence scores than pudendal nerve t...
Next Document:  Hartmann's reversal is associated with high postoperative adverse events.