Document Detail

Inter- and intraobserver variability in the assessment of brain arteriovenous malformation angioarchitecture and endovascular treatment results.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17353328     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Several angiographic features of brain arteriovenous malformations (BAVMs) have been associated with an increased risk of hemorrhage. However, interpretation of these features may not be consistent between observers. We conducted a study to determine inter- and intraobserver agreement of various angioarchitectural characteristics of BAVM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two experienced interventional neuroradiologists independently reviewed pre- and post-endovascular treatment angiograms from 50 consecutive patients. Axial CT and/or MR images before treatment were included. We collected the following data: Spetzler-Martin grades, number of involved arterial territories, associated aneurysms by location (circle of Willis, feeding artery, intranidal, and venous), and nidus reduction after endovascular treatment (<33%, 33%-66%, and >66%). The reviewers were compared with each other, and 1 was compared with himself after a 3-month interval. Measures of agreement were performed by using the kappa statistic (kappa) for nominal data and the weighted kappa for ordinal data. RESULTS: Inter- and intraobserver agreement were higher for assessment of the Spetzler-Martin grade (weighted kappa = 0.70/0.75) and nidus size reduction after endovascular treatment (kappa = 0.74/0.77). Inter- and intraobserver agreement were inferior for findings concerning feeding artery aneurysms (kappa = 0.19/0.36), intranidal aneurysms (kappa = 0.34/0.35), and venous aneurysms (kappa = 0.50/0.67). CONCLUSION: Angiographic characteristics of BAVMs considered as risk factors for hemorrhage, such as aneurysms, are not reliably detected on global angiograms between different observers. In contrast, the Spetzler-Martin grading system and angiographic results of endovascular treatment can be used with high observer agreement.
D Iancu-Gontard; A Weill; F Guilbert; T Nguyen; J Raymond; D Roy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Validation Studies    
Journal Detail:
Title:  AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0195-6108     ISO Abbreviation:  AJNR Am J Neuroradiol     Publication Date:  2007 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-03-13     Completed Date:  2007-04-18     Revised Date:  2008-02-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003708     Medline TA:  AJNR Am J Neuroradiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  524-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Radiology, Interventional Neuroradiology Section, Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Notre-Dame Hospital, Montreal, PQ, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Cerebral Angiography / standards,  statistics & numerical data*
Cohort Studies
Embolization, Therapeutic*
Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations / epidemiology,  radiography*,  therapy*
Observer Variation
Reproducibility of Results
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Severity of Illness Index*
Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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