Document Detail

Intention or experience? Predictors of continued breastfeeding.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15749967     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Despite the known benefits of breastfeeding, many women do not breastfeed their infants or stop breastfeeding early. This study examines the effects of prenatal intention and initial breastfeeding experiences on breast-feeding initiation and duration among 1,665 U.S. women completing questionnaires on infant feeding practices. Outcomes included no initiation of breastfeeding at birth and termination at <10 weeks, 10 to <20 weeks, or 20 to <30 weeks. Predictor variables included intended breast feeding duration and early breast feeding experiences with analyses controlling for demographic characteristics, previous breastfeeding experience, and prenatal intentions to work after delivery. Prenatal intentions to never initiate or to stop breastfeeding early were significant risk factors for all breastfeeding outcomes. Initial breastfeeding experiences were significant risk factors for early termination. This study supports using the intention construct from the theory of reasoned action to predict initiation of behavior but suggests the need to include initial experience when predicting maintenance of behavior.
Ann DiGirolamo; Nancy Thompson; Reynaldo Martorell; Sara Fein; Laurence Grummer-Strawn
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Health education & behavior : the official publication of the Society for Public Health Education     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1090-1981     ISO Abbreviation:  Health Educ Behav     Publication Date:  2005 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-03-07     Completed Date:  2005-06-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9704962     Medline TA:  Health Educ Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  208-26     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Attitude to Health*
Breast Feeding / adverse effects,  psychology*
Chi-Square Distribution
Educational Status
Health Behavior
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Infant, Newborn
Needs Assessment
Pregnant Women / psychology*
Prenatal Care
Psychological Theory
Risk Factors
Self Efficacy
Time Factors
United States
Women, Working / education,  psychology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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