Document Detail

Intelligence in early adulthood and subsequent hospitalization for mental disorders.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19907333     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Lower intelligence is a risk factor for several specific mental disorders. It is unclear whether it is a risk factor for all mental disorders, and whether it might be associated with illness severity. We examined the relation of premorbid intelligence with risk of hospital admission and with total admission rates, for the whole range of mental disorders.
METHODS: Participants were 1,049,663 Swedish men who took tests of intelligence on conscription into military service and were followed up with regard to hospital admissions for mental disorder, for a mean of 22.6 years. International Classification of Diseases diagnoses were recorded at discharge from the hospital.
RESULTS: Risk of hospital admission for all categories of mental disorder rose with each point decrease in the 9-point IQ score. For a standard deviation decrease in IQ, age-adjusted hazard ratios (95% confidence interval) were 1.60 for schizophrenia (1.55-1.65), 1.49 for other nonaffective psychoses (1.45-1.53), 1.50 for mood disorders (1.47-1.51), 1.51 for neurotic disorders (1.48-1.54), 1.60 for adjustment disorders (1.56-1.64), 1.75 for personality disorders (1.70-1.80), 1.75 for alcohol-related (1.73-1.77), and 1.85 for other substance-use disorders (1.82-1.88). Lower intelligence was also associated with greater comorbidity. Associations changed little on adjustment for potential confounders. Men with lower intelligence had higher total admission rates for mental disorders, a possible marker of clinical severity.
CONCLUSIONS: Lower intelligence is a risk factor for the whole range of mental disorders and for illness severity.
Catharine R Gale; G David Batty; Per Tynelius; Ian J Deary; Finn Rasmussen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.)     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1531-5487     ISO Abbreviation:  Epidemiology     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-16     Completed Date:  2010-03-09     Revised Date:  2014-09-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9009644     Medline TA:  Epidemiology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  70-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Hospitalization / statistics & numerical data*
Intelligence Tests
Mental Disorders / epidemiology*
Risk Assessment
Sweden / epidemiology
Young Adult
Grant Support
081021//Wellcome Trust; MC_U130059821//Medical Research Council; U.1300.00.006.00012.01//Wellcome Trust; //Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council; //Chief Scientist Office; //Medical Research Council

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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