Document Detail


Integrative role of neuropeptides and cytokines in cancer anorexia-cachexia syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22251421     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The cachexia anorexia syndrome is a complex metabolic syndrome associated with cancer and some other palliative conditions characterized by involuntary weight loss involving fat and muscle, weight loss, anorexia, early satiety, fatigue, weakness due to shifts in metabolism caused by tumour by-products and cytokines. Various neuropeptides like Leptin, neuropeptide Y, melanocortin, agouti-related peptides have been known to regulate appetite and body weight. METHOD: A comprehensive literature search was carried out on the websites of Pubmed Central (http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/), National Library of Medicine (http://www.ncbl.nlm.nih.gov) and various other net resources. RESULT: Data from observational studies shows that various cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1) are associated with metabolic changes resulting in cachexia in cancer patients. These cytokines may mimic the action of various neuropeptides resulting in anorexia, various metabolic effects resulting from enhanced catabolic state and weight loss. CONCLUSION: There is a need to understand and explore the role of various neuropeptides and cytokines in the pathophysiology of cancer-anorexia syndrome so that therapeutic measures may be designed for effective palliative care.
Authors:
Surajeet K Patra; Sarika Arora
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-3492     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1302422     Medline TA:  Clin Chim Acta     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Affiliation:
Department of Biochemistry, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi-110001, India.
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