Document Detail


Integrative inflammasome activity in the regulation of intestinal mucosal immune responses.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23212196     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The mammalian intestinal tract harbors a vast and diverse ecosystem of microbes that are separated from the sterile host milieu by a single layer of epithelial cells. While this bio-geographical configuration is critical for host biological processes, it imposes a risk for microbial penetration and life-threatening systemic invasion. Inflammasomes are cytosolic multi-protein platforms that sense both microbial and damage-associated molecular patterns and initiate a potent innate immune anti-microbial response. In this review, we will highlight the role of inflammasomes in the orchestration and regulation of the intestinal immune response, focusing on the roles of inflammasomes in maintenance of intestinal homeostasis, enteric infection, auto-inflammation, and tumorigenesis. We highlight the centrality of inflammasome signaling in the complex cross-talk between host mucosal immune arms and the environment, in particular the microflora, with emphasis on the spatial and temporal integration of inflammasome activation with signals from other innate signaling platforms.Mucosal Immunology advance online publication 5 December 2012; doi:10.1038/mi.2012.115.
Authors:
E Elinav; J Henao-Mejia; R A Flavell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Mucosal immunology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1935-3456     ISO Abbreviation:  Mucosal Immunol     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101299742     Medline TA:  Mucosal Immunol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1] Department of Immunobiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA [2] These authors contributed equally to this work [3] Present address: Immunology Department, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 70100, Israel.
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